CODS Journal of Dentistry

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2014 | July-December | Volume 6 | Issue 2

RESEARCH ARTICLE

RC Pramod, Nupura Vibuthe, KV Suresh, Sharan J Shetty, Neha Shetty

Role of maxillary and mandibular canine indices in sex determination: Perspective of a forensic odontologist

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:68 - 71]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-68  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Dental evidence is valuable in identification of individuals, especially following mass disasters. Canines are found to exhibit the greatest sexual dimorphism amongst all teeth.

Objective

To investigate the accuracy with which gender can be differentiated by using the maxillary and mandibular canine indices in an Indian population.

Material and Methods

The present study was performed on 200 subjects (100 males, 100females) between the age group of 18-25 years, randomly sampled with informed consent (Through 3rd party).

Results

Males showed greater mean mesiodistal dimensions for each tooth in comparison to females in both maxillary and mandibular arches. When the level of accuracy for sex determination was measured using maxillary canine index it was found that 55% females and 60% males were classified correctly. The level of accuracy for sex determination using mandibular canine index found 67% females and 78% males were classified correctly.

Conclusion

canine indices are a quick and reliable method for sexual identification when a standard for the population is available. With these calculations, we could predict the sex correctly at 72.5% and 57.5 % in this study for mandibular and maxillary canine indices respectively. This method can be used as adjunct to other available tools for sex

How to cite this article

Pramod RC, Nupura V, Suresh KV, Vidya K, Sharan JS, Neha S. Role of maxillary and mandibular canine indices in sex determination: Perspective of a forensic odontologist. CODS J Dent 2014;6;68-71

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Gazal Jain, D Deepa

Assessment of periodontal health status in psychiatric patients in and around Meerut city

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:72 - 77]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-72  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background

Mental illness affects people of all nations and at all economic levels. Psychiatric disorders affect the general behavior of a person, impair level of functioning, and alter perception. Psychiatric patients are one of the special groups requiring attention as they are often neglected because of ignorance, fear, stigma, misconception and negative attitudes. For psychiatric patients, periodontal health is a major determinant of general health and may have a low priority in the context of mental illness.

Objective

To assess periodontal health status in psychiatric patients in and around Meerut city.

Material and Methods

The study sample comprised of 100 psychiatric patients of Meerut city. Various socio-demographic variables like age, gender, parent's education, income were investigated. Dental examinations were done by measuring the following parameters of oral health: Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S), plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI, bleeding on probing (BOP), pocket probing depth (PPD). The collected data was subjected to statistical analyses.

Results and Conclusion

The results of the study suggested poor oral hygiene due to neglected personal hygiene, compromised periodontal status and lack of motivation to get the dental treatment.

How to cite this article

Gazal J, Deepa D, Sandeep C. Assessment of periodontal health status in psychiatric patients in and around Meerut city. CODS J Dent 2014;6;72-77

RESEARCH ARTICLE

D.B Nandini, VV Ramya

Thickness of the epithelium and the inflammatory cell infiltrate in oral lichen planus. A morphometric study

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:78 - 82]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-78  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background

Oral lichen planus is a chronic mucocutaneous disease of uncertain etiology. Inflammatory cell infiltrate plays an important role in pathogenesis of oral lichen planus. It is said that hyperplastic epithelium is seen where the inflammatory cell infiltrate is mild while beneath atrophic epithelium dense inflammatory cell infiltrate is evident. Studies have shown negative correlation between thickness of the epithelium and thickness of inflammatory cell infiltrate. Morphometric studies in oral lichen planus are very scanty and have been performed using stage micrometer and eye piece graticule. Using Image Analysis Software can avoid inter-observer variations which has not been done till date.

Aim and Objectives

The present study aimed at evaluating thickness of epithelium and thickness of inflammatory cell infiltrate and to determine any existing relation between the same using Image Analysis Software. Other histopathologic features were also evaluated.

Materials and method

58 confirmed cases of oral lichen planus from buccal mucosa were retrieved from department archives. 6μ thick sections were stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin. Six non-overlapping fields were selected randomly from each section and photomicrographs were captured under 4x objective using Trinocular Research Microscope. Morphometry was done using Image Analysis Software and data was stored in Microsoft excel for statistical analysis.

Results

In present study the mean of epithelium thickness was 281.2059 and inflammatory cell infiltrate thickness was 330.2540. An inverse correlation was observed. As the thickness of inflammatory cell infiltrate increased there was a decrease in thickness of epithelium (Coefficient -0.156).

Conclusion

Thickness of the epithelium may vary according to the site, however in this study all cases were from buccal mucosa. Inflammatory cell infiltrate influences overlying thickness of epithelium and determines its nature.

How to cite this article

Ramya VV, Nandini DB, Praveen SB, Madhushankari GS. Thickness of the epithelium and the inflammatory cell infiltrate in oral lichen planus. A morphometric study. CODS J Dent 2014;6;78-82

REVIEW ARTICLE

BS Deepak, T Sophia, J Deepa, GK Mallikarjun

The concept of monobloc in Endodontic - A review

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:7] [Pages No:83 - 89]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-83  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Sophia T, Deepak BS, Deepa J, Mallikarjun GK. The concept of monobloc in Endodontics - A review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;83-89

REVIEW ARTICLE

DB Nandeeshwar, Neha Arora

Zygomatic bone implants in prosthetic rehabilitation - A review

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:90 - 95]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-90  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Nandeeshwar DB, Neha A. Zygomatic bone implants in prosthetic rehabilitation - A review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;90-95

REVIEW ARTICLE

KV Vandana, KL Vandana

Acute phase reactants - A review

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:96 - 101]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-96  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Vandana KV, Vandana KL. Acute phase reactants - A review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;96-101

REVIEW ARTICLE

NK Priya, NK Sowmya, Ashiwini Ramakrishna

Lasers in dentistry - Thinking ahead…

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:102 - 107]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-102  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Priya NK, Sowmya NK, Ashwini R, Madhushankari GS, Lasers in Dentistry - Thinking ahead… CODS J Dent 2014;6;102-107

REVIEW ARTICLE

G.B SHIVAMURTHY, J Kanav, J Ashwini

Interpretation of pulp sensibility tests - A review

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:108 - 111]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-108  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Kanav J, Ashwini J, Shivamurthy GB. Interpretation of pulp sensibility tests – A review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;108-111

CASE REPORT

VT Pramod, Shobhaprakash , S Sadiya

Hopeless to hopeful: Management of an endo-perio lesion with an interdisciplinary approach

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:112 - 116]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-112  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Pramod VT, Shobhaprakash, Sadiya S. Hopeless to hopeful: Management of an endo-perio lesion with an interdisciplinary approach - A case report: CODS J Dent 2014;6;112-116

CASE REPORT

Ashwini Ramakrishna, DB Nandini, Rajeshwari Annigeri.

Candidiasis - A frequently underdiagnosed entity

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:117 - 121]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-117  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Ashwini R, Nandini DB, Madhushankari GS, Rajeshwari A. Candidiasis - A frequently underdiagnosed entity. CODS J Dent 2014 6;117-121

CASE REPORT

A Ananthraj., B.L Ashwini.

Management of anterior teeth crossbite using double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane - A case report

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:122 - 123]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-122  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Conclusion

Dental anterior cross-bite involving one or more teeth can be corrected by means of double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane.

How to cite this article

Neena IE, Anantharaj A, Ashwini BL. Management of anterior teeth crossbite using double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane - A case report. CODS J Dent 2014;6;122-123

CASE REPORT

Amrin , Jayesh Kumar Jain

Immediate partial denture for restoring esthetics and function of mandibular anterior teeth

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:124 - 126]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/cods-6-2-124  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Amrin, Jayesh KJ. Immediate partial denture for restoring esthetics and function of mandibular anterior teeth. CODS J Dent 2014;6;124-126

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