The awareness about orthodontics has lead to drastic increase in many adult & adolescent seeking orthodontic treatment over the past decade. The two major setbacks for non acceptance include visibility of the appliance and the long duration of treatment. To overcome the aboveinvisible braces like - ceramic brackets, lingual brackets came into existence, but could not reduce the treatment time to a greater extent. Later surgical procedures like periodontal distraction, dentoalvelor distraction & inclusion of implant came to play. But involved surgical risk. To overcome these - the invisible braces so called clear aligners came into existence.
Clear aligners are a series of clear, removable teeth aligners that orthodontists use as an alternative to traditional metal/ceramic braces. They are more comfortable, kinder to tissues and used for minor orthodontic corrections.
Plaque on the surface of the tooth consists of a bacterial film that produces acids as a by-product of its metabolism. To be specific, certain bacteria within the oral diseases, such as dental caries and periodontal disease, should be considered as consequences of ecologically driven imbalances of oral microbial biofilms. The ecological disruption resulting from antibiotic treatment frequently results in secondary infections or other negative clinical consequences. To address this problem, researchers have recently developed a new class of pathogen-selective molecules, called specifically (or selectively) targeted antimicrobial peptides (STAMPs), and based on the fusion of a species-specific targeting peptide domain with a wide-spectrum antimicrobial peptide domain.
Caries is a disease caused by a multifactorial process and it remains a major public health problem in most communities even though the prevalence of the disease has decreased. One of the recent trends in caries control includes minimally invasive treatment of the lesions by reversal of mineral loss by remineralization. Restorative treatment options are advised only when the carious process has resulted in more extensive damage, and form, function or esthetics need to be restored. This article reviews the various remineralization stratezies and their role in remineralizing tooth structure.