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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 2 ( September, 2013 ) > List of Articles



Rajendra Desai, M. Anuradha, Yashavanth Kumar, V Harsha.

Citation Information : Desai R, Anuradha M, Kumar Y, Harsha. V. HEPATITIS B - PREVENTION, DIAGNOSIS AND CARE: A REVIEW. CODS J Dent 2013; 5 (2):64-67.

DOI: 10.5005/cods-5-2-64

License: CC BY-NC-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-06-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; The Author(s).


Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Hepatitis B is spread through contact with blood or body fluids of an infected person.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The likelihood of developing Chronic Hepatitis B is related to the age at which infection is acquired; the risk being lowest in adults and >90% in neonates whose mothers are hepatitis B e antigen positive. HBV is not directly cytopathic and liver injury appears to be mostly caused by repeated attempts of the host's immune responses to control the infection. After reviewing the various articles, the following protocols are best suited for the health care workers.

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  1. S.: Hepatitis B Virus and the Delta Virus, in “Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases,” G. L. Mandell; R.G. Douglas; J.E. Bennett (eds), vol. 2, New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1002-1029, 1985.
  2. F.: Viral Hepatitis, Unique Aspects of Infection during Childhood, Consultant 24 (4): 131-153 passim, April 1984.
  3. S.: Hepatitis B Virus and Hepatitis Delta Virus, in “Principles and Practice oflnfectious Diseases,” Mandell, G. L. Douglas, R.G. and Bennett J.E. (eds), Churchill Livingstone, 1204-1231,. 1990.
  4. P.; Hadler, S.C.; Thompson, S.E., et al.: The Prevention of Hepatitis B with Vaccine. Report of the Centers for Disease Control Multi-center Efficacy Trial among Homosexual Men. Ann. Int. Med. 97: 362-366, 1982.
  5. In: Pickering LK (ed.) Red Book: 2003 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 26th edition. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics, p 33.
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