CODS - Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Odontogenic Myxoma of Mandibular Condyle: A Rarity and Literature Review

Prajesh Dubey, Nagaraju Kamarthi, Isha Maheshwari, Parul Gupta, Saroj K Nayak

Keywords : Case report, Mandibular condyle, Myxoma, Odontogenic, Ramus, Tumor

Citation Information : Dubey P, Kamarthi N, Maheshwari I, Gupta P, Nayak SK. Odontogenic Myxoma of Mandibular Condyle: A Rarity and Literature Review. CODS J Dent 2023; 15 (1):21-23.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0143

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 25-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is an intraosseous, locally aggressive neoplasm that occurs almost exclusively in tooth-bearing areas of the mandible and maxilla. The histopathological presentation of OM consists of spindle/stellate cells embedded in an abundant mucoid matrix. Radiographically, this lesion shows varied multilocular radiolucency varying from a soap bubble to a tennis racquet or honeycomb pattern. OM, uncommonly occurring in nontooth-bearing regions, has been reported to be rare. This paper includes a case report of a 34-year-old female patient who reported swelling in her right preauricular region, and a histopathological investigation confirmed a diagnosis of OM of the right mandibular condyle. Surgical excision of the pathology and reconstruction with bone graft was performed under general anesthesia, and follow-up at regular intervals was done.

  1. Shivashankara C, Nidoni M, Patil S, et al. Odontogenic myxoma: a review with report of an uncommon case with recurrence in the mandible of a teenage male. Saudi Dent J 2017;29(3):93–101. DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2017.02.003
  2. Colburn JF, Epker BN. Myxoma of the mandibular condyle–surgical excision with immediate reconstruction. J Oral Surg 1975;33(5):351–355. PMID: 1055191.
  3. Halfpenny W, Verey A, Bardsley V. Myxoma of the mandibular condyle. A case report and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2000;90(3):348–353. DOI: 10.1067/moe.2000.107364
  4. Patel C, Omoscharka E, Gibson T, et al. Odontogenic myxoma of the mandibular condyle. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2017;124(3):E208. DOI: 10.1016/j.oooo.2017.06.033
  5. De Andrade Lima EP, De Moraes Ramos-Perez FM, De Hollanda Valente RO, et al. Myxoma of the mandibular condyle: report of a rare case and review of the literature. Oral Oncol 2018;79:88–90. DOI: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2018.03.003
  6. Cinza A, Monje F, De Mera JJF. A myxoma in the temporomandibular joint: case report and review of the literature. Oral Oncol 2019;88:16–17. DOI: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2018.11.017
  7. Cameron N, Balsiger R, Prueter J, et al. Transfacial transmandibular approach to the masticator space: Excision of odontogenic myxoma arising from the mandibular condyle. Am J Otolaryngol 2021;42(4):102944. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2021.102944
  8. Giustina JCD, Bin LR, Bilhar PF, et al. Preservation of the mandibular condyle in treatment of odontogenic myxoma in the mandible: a case report. Open Acc Lib J 2022;9:e8470. DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1108470
  9. Speight PM. Tumours of oral cavity. In: Fletcher CDM (Ed). Diagnostic Histopathology of Tumors. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2013. pp. 246–269.
  10. De Melo WM, Pereira-Santos D, Brêda MA Jr, et al. Using the condylar prosthesis after resection of a large odontogenic myxoma tumor in the mandible. J Craniofac Surg 2012;23(5):398–400. DOI: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e31825b353c
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.