Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries to the Anterior Teeth and Associated Factors among 3–5 Years Old Preschool Children in Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India
Shital Kiran, Hetal Majeethia, Vinay Mulchandani, Shalin Shah, Jani M Upendrabhai, Aum Joshi
Avulsion, Children, Trauma, Wound and injuries
Citation Information :
Kiran S, Majeethia H, Mulchandani V, Shah S, Upendrabhai JM, Joshi A. Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries to the Anterior Teeth and Associated Factors among 3–5 Years Old Preschool Children in Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India. CODS J Dent 2021; 13 (2):40-46.
Background: Other than dental caries, a traumatic dental injury (TDI) is a common trait in youngsters. Dentists face a dilemma when dealing with children who have suffered anterior tooth damage and their worried parents. Only a few research on the frequency of TDIs among preschool children have been undertaken in India. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of TDI in Bhavnagar and the factors that contribute to it.
Materials and methods: In Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, a cross-sectional study of preschool children aged 3–5 years was undertaken. A single trained examiner screened 1,375 childrens for TDI of the primary anterior teeth. TDIs were assessed and recorded using Andreasen's visual criteria for tooth discoloration and dislocation. Parents of TDI-positive children were asked to complete a proprietary questionnaire about their children's demographics, socioeconomic status, and tooth injury specifics. The prevalence of TDI was correlated with the data supplied by the parents using the Chi-square test.
Results: The prevalence of traumatic TDI to anterior teeth and related variables was 12.29%. There was a statistically significant link between gender and the prevalence of TDI (p = 0.049). Enamel fracture was found in 61.3% of cases, while pulp damage was found in 31.5% of cases. The relationship between preschool children's age, gender, zone, and socioeconomic status and the number of teeth involved was shown to be statistically negligible.
Conclusion: Dental trauma was common in children aged 3–5 years old, with a prevalence rate of 12.29%. The primary maxillary left central incisor was the most injured tooth. The mandibular left lateral incisors were the teeth that were least broken. Males had a higher rate of enamel fracture, whereas females had a more considerable prevalence of pulpal injury.
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