CODS Journal of Dentistry
Volume 14 | Issue 2 | Year 2022

Futuristic Dentistry: Intelligence Augmentation rather than Artificial Intelligence should be the Future Realm of Dentistry

Neetha Harisha

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Corresponding Author: Neetha Harisha, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India, Phone: +91 9900207778, e-mail: neethamc@gmail.com

How to cite this article: Harisha N. Futuristic Dentistry: Intelligence Augmentation rather than Artificial Intelligence should be the Future Realm of Dentistry. CODS J Dent 2022;14(2):31-32.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: Dr Neetha Harisha is associated as the Assistant Editorial Board member of this journal and this manuscript was subjected to this journal’s standard review procedures, with this peer review handled independently of this editorial board member and his research group.

Digitization is an emerging trend in the current transformation of the dental industry. With technological innovations taking place at an extraordinary rate, the world saw the birth of two novelties—artificial intelligence (AI) and intelligence augmentation (IA). It needs to be seen that the unique creativity of the human does not fade away or take a backseat in any way. The two watchwords, AI and IA have frequently been interchangeably used. But the difference should be properly stated. AI is used when you are mentioning a wider concept of machines that can complete tasks that humans would label as intelligent or smart. IA is employed when technology is used to support and complement human cognitive functions. IA places humans central to the system and decision-making, whereas AI places technology at the core. Moreover, IA systems can overcome the limitations imposed by system boundaries on AI systems.1

The first technology to improve efficiency in the dentistry sector was implemented in 1092. Starting this year, the barber surgeons arose. Subsequent technological developments, including the invention of amalgam as a material for tooth restoration and dentures to replace missing teeth, which were made of ivory, hippopotamus or human bone, or metal in the mid-19th century, a major advancement in caries treatment, the usage of dental drills became a key revolution in speeding up removal of decayed tissue.

Today the use of technologies in dentistry can be seen in every arena like computer-assisted design and computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) and intraoral cameras—both laboratory and clinician-controlled. The technologies are used in caries diagnosis, in computer-aided implant dentistry, including the design and fabrication of surgical guides; in digital radiography (intraoral and extraoral), including cone-beam computed tomography; in electric and surgical/implant handpieces, lasers, occlusion, and temporomandibular joint analysis and diagnosis; in photography (extraoral and intraoral); in practice and patient record management, including digital patient education; and in shade matching. With all these digital dentistry progressions dentists, researchers and inventors worldwide are further stimulated to continuously seek new technologies or advancements that can be used to elevate the profession to its optimal state.

Artificial intelligence (AI) and IA have numerous applications in the dental sector, and as technology evolves, more applications will continue to digitize the industry. Some of the most common applications2,3 include the following:

Dentistry has advanced in leaps and bounds from its beginnings to the present day, and mastering the proper use of technologies reduces the pressure on the dentist in office and patient management. If you know these technologies are on their way to becoming a regular part of dental practices worldwide, you can begin making preparations and thinking of ways to implement this new tech into your practice, improving the quality of your patient care.

Progressing in collaboration with intelligent machines and modern technologies, dentistry seems to have an optimistic future ahead.


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3. Arwind SRB. Future of Dentistry in India: a raise or fall? J Orofac Sci 2015;1(2):41–42.

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