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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Divya Nagunuri, GA Babitha, Shobha Prakash

Comparative Evaluation of 0.1% Turmeric Mouthwash with 0.2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate in Prevention of Plaque and Gingivitis: A Clinical Study

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:16-20][No of Hits : 674]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental plaque has been proved by extensive research to be a paramount factor in initiation and progression of gingival and periodontal diseases. Among chemical means, chlorhexidine mouthwash is regarded as the gold standard in dentistry in prevention of dental plaque. Chlorhexidine mouthwash, though effective, has certain side effects, such as brown discoloration of teeth, oral mucosal erosion, etc. Hence, there is need of an alternative medicine enmeshed within precious traditional Indian herbal therapy which is efficient, safe, and economical. Turmeric possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial properties along with hepatoprotective, immune stimulant, antiseptic, antimutagenic properties, etc.

Objectives: This study was conducted to explore and prove the clinical efficacy of 0.1% turmeric mouthwash in mild and moderate gingivitis patients.

Materials and methods: Sixty patients with moderate gingivitis were included and divided into two equal groups: Experimental (0.1% turmeric mouthwash) and control group (0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate). The clinical parameters evaluation was done on day 0 and day 21.

Results: On intragroup comparison, statistically significant reduction in clinical parameters (plaque index, gingival index, gingival bleeding index) was seen in both groups on day 21, but on intergroup comparison, no statistically significant reduction in clinical parameters was seen on day 21 between the groups.

Conclusion: Hence, it can be concluded that 0.1% turmeric mouthwash possesses antiplaque and anti-inflammatory properties which has been proven through clinical evaluation and it was almost equally effective when compared with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in moderate gingivitis patients.

Keywords: Chlorhexidine, Dental plaque, Dental plaque index, Gingivitis, Gluconates.

How to cite this article: Nagunuri D, Babitha GA, Prakash S. Comparative Evaluation of 0.1% Turmeric Mouthwash with 0.2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate in Prevention of Plaque and Gingivitis: A Clinical Study. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):16-20.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Shaima Muneer, Kharidhi L Vandana

Effect of Different Occlusal Loads on Periodontium: A Three-dimensional Finite Element Analysis

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:78-90][No of Hits : 626]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: The periodontal tissue reaction to variations in occlusal forces has been described in the literature where in clinical and histologic changes are discussed that produced due to stresses in the periodontal structures. Unfortunately, these stresses are not quantified.

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the stress produced on various periodontal tissues at different occlusal loads using finite element model (FEM) study.

Materials and methods: Four FEMs of maxillary incisor were designed consisting of the tooth, pulp, periodontal ligament (PDL), and alveolar bone at the various levels of bone height (25, 50, and 75%). Different occlusal loads (5, 15, 24, and 29 kg) at an angle of 50° to the long axis of the tooth were applied on the palatal surface at the level of middle third of the crown. All the models were assumed to be isotropic, linear, and elastic, and the analysis was performed on a Pentium IV processor computer using ANSYS software.

Results: At normofunction load, the stresses were maximum on the mesial side near the cervical region at point D for tooth (-10.93 MPa), for PDL (-4.06 MPa), for bone (-4.3 MPa); with normal bone levels, as the bone levels decreased the stresses increased and the stresses tend to concentrate at the apical region. At any given point, the stresses were increased by 60 and 90% at hyperfunctional loads of 24 and 29 kg respectively, and with hypofunctional load of 5 kg, stresses were reduced by 60%.

Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, there is reasonably good attempt to express numerical data of stress to be given normal occlusal and hyperfunctional loads to simulate clinical occlusal situations which are known to be responsible for healthy and diseased periodontium.

Keywords: Finite element analysis, Hyperfunctional load, Hypofunctional load, Stress, Trauma from occlusion.

How to cite this article: Muneer S, Vandana KL. Effect of Different Occlusal Loads on Periodontium: A Three-dimensional Finite Element Analysis. CODS J Dent 2016;8(2):78-90.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Kharidhi L Vandana, Pragya Goswami

Gingival Thickness: Critical Clinical Dimension of Periodontium

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:108-120][No of Hits : 610]


ABSTRACT

Clinical appearance of normal gingival tissue in part reflects the underlying structure of epithelium and lamina propria. It has been described that particular shape, topographical distribution, and width of gingival are clearly functions of presence and position of erupted teeth. Moreover, tooth shape seems to have an important impact on the clinical features of surrounding gingiva and probably also underlying tooth-supporting periodontal tissue. The thickness of masticatory mucosa was studied in a descriptive manner by conventional histology on cadaver jaws. Others assessed the mucosal thickness in edentulous patients using invasive method of injection needle, macroscopic measurement of histologic sections, a graduated periodontal probe or cephalometric radiographs. Noninvasive methods were performed with ultrasonic devices. A-mode ultrasonic device was used to measure tissue thickness in edentulous patients. B-mode was used to visualize soft and hard tissue relationships while also measuring soft tissue thickness. Among the various macroscopic features of gingiva, the gingival thickness (GT) is least discussed and not mentioned in the standard textbooks and journals. There are few terminologies which are not well defined in periodontal literature like periodontal phenotype, gingival phenotype, gingival architecture, gingival morphology, and GT; hence, this review article will put some light on these terminologies and literature review related to the clinical importance and relevance on masticatory mucosa thickness, chiefly on palatal mucosa and gingiva.

Keywords: Gingiva, Gingival thickness, Mucosal thickness, Peri-implant mucosa.

How to cite this article: Vandana KL, Goswami P. Gingival Thickness: Critical Clinical Dimension of Periodontium. CODS J Dent 2016;8(2):108-120.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Priyanka Shivanand, Kangowkar V Vandana, Kharidhi L Vandana, Shobha Prakash

Evaluation of Curcumin 10 mg (Curenext®) as Local Drug Delivery Adjunct in the Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis: A Clinical Trial

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:59-63][No of Hits : 577]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Plaque control combined with scaling and root planing (SRP) is an effective therapeutic modality for arresting periodontitis. Due to limitation of mechanical therapy such as SRP, local application of drugs has been initiated. Turmeric is not just a remedy, it is the “cure.”

Materials and methods: A total of 14 patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis were included in a split mouth study. Using the split study protocol, upper arch received SRP alone (control group) and lower arch received SRP + intrapocket application of curcumin (CU) 10 mg (Curenext®; experimental group) in selected sites. Plaque index (PI), gingival bleeding index (GBI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were assessed at baseline and 21st, 30th, and 90th day.

Results: Intragroup analysis and intergroup analysis showed significant reduction (p < 0.000) in clinical analysis from baseline to 90th day with comparatively better outcomes in the SRP + CU group. No adverse effects were reported.

Conclusion: Curcumin has a number of medicinal properties; it is beneficial in many ways and acts as a capable adjunct to SRP in the treatment of periodontal disease.

Keywords: Curcumin, Local drug delivery, Periodontitis, Scaling and root planing.

How to cite this article: Shivanand P, Vandana KV, Vandana KL, Prakash S. Evaluation of Curcumin 10 mg (Curenext®) as Local Drug Delivery Adjunct in the Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis: A Clinical Trial. CODS J Dent 2016;8(2):59-63.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
NB Nagaveni, Md Muzammil Khan, P Poornima

Comparative Evaluation of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Chlorhexidine and Herbal Root Canal Irrigant Aloe vera against Enterococcus faecalis: An in vitro Study

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:70-73][No of Hits : 554]


ABSTRACT

Root canal therapy provides appropriate environment for tissue healing by complete elimination of microorganisms from the root canal. The most commonly found bacteria in failed root canal is Enterococcus faecalis. Cleaning and shaping of canals along with chemical disinfection results in elimination of microorganism. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the use of herbs in endodontics as root canal irrigants. This study is designed to explore the antimicrobial efficacy of different concentrations of chlorhexidine (CHX) and Aloe vera extracts as a root canal irrigant against E. faecalis using agar diffusion method.

Keywords: Aloe vera, Antimicrobial, Chlorhexidine, Herbal, Root canal irrigants.

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Khan MM, Poornima P. Comparative Evaluation of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Chlorhexidine and Herbal Root Canal Irrigant Aloe vera against Enterococcus faecalis: An in vitro Study. CODS J Dent 2016;8(2):70-73.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Review Article
Pramod Tatuskar, Shobha Prakash

Bone Grafts in Periodontics-A Review

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:64-70][No of Hits : 831]


ABSTRACT

The ultimate goal of periodontal therapy should not be limited to the establishment and maintenance of periodontal health. The potential for regeneration of the hard and soft periodontal tissues lost to disease should be considered. Of all the bone grafting materials being developed, the demineralized freeze dried bone allograft (DFDBA) has been used as a substitute for bone graft for more than four decades. The basis for the use of any bone grafting material is to induce bone formation. In this article various bone grafts and biomaterials used are reviewed.

Keywords: Allograft, Autograft, Biomaterial, Bone graft.

How to cite this article: Tatuskar P, Prakash S. Bone Grafts in Periodontics -A Review. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 64-70.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Neena.I.E, Ananthraj.A, Ashwini.B.L

Management of anterior teeth crossbite using double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane - A case report

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:122-123][No of Hits : 2661]


ABSTRACT

Anterior dental crossbites are one of the most common orthodontic problems that we observe in growing children. Anterior crossbite correction in early mixed dentition is highly recommended as this kind ofmalocclusion do not diminish with age. Uncorrected anterior crossbite may lead to abnormal wear of the lower incisors, dental compensation of mandibular incisors leading to thinning of labial alveolar plate and/or gingival recession. There are several methods for solving this problem. This paper reports a n case of anterior crossbite, which was corrected using the Hawley’s appliance with double cantilever spring in a short period of 3 - 4 weeks without causing any damage to the tooth or the periodontium.

Conclusion: Dental anterior cross-bite involving one or more teeth can be corrected by means of double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane.

Keywords: Crossbite, Hawley’s appliance, early orthodontic intervention

How to cite this article: Neena IE, Anantharaj A, Ashwini BL. Management of anterior teeth crossbite using double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane - A case report. CODS J Dent 2014;6;122-123

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Anuradha M, Yashavanth Kumar D.S, Harsha .V. Babji, Rahul Seth

Variants of inferior alveolar nerve block: A review

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:35-39][No of Hits : 522]


ABSTRACT

The inferior alveolar nerve block is the most common method for obtaining mandibular anaesthesia in dental practice, but it is estimated to have a success rate of only 80 to 85%. Traditional anaesthesia of the mandibular nerve and its branches consists of deposition of anaesthetic solution in the region of the mandibular foramen. This commonly used technique eliminates all somatosensory perception of the mandible, mandibular teeth, floor of the mouth, ipsilateral tongue, and all but the lateral (buccal) gingivae. In the case of difficulty-to-anesthetize patient, the inferior alveolar nerve can be particularly challenging. In those patients, other approaches may be necessary to achieve profound anaesthesia. This article summarizes the different approaches that may be utilized in such cases.

Keywords: Inferior alveolar nerve block, mandibular anaesthesia.

How to cite this article: Anuradha M, Yashavanth Kumar DS, Harsha VB, Rahul S. Variants of inferior alveolar nerve block. CODS J Dent 2014;6;35-39

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Review Article
Sunitha Naveen Shamnur, Santosh Doddamani, Naveen Sharnnur

ALL CERAMIC SYSTEMS - AN OVERVIEW

[Year:2013] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:38-43][No of Hits : 1794]



 
Review Article
Pramod Tatuskar, Shobha Prakash

MANAGEMENT OF PREGNANT PATIENTS IN DENTAL PRACTICE

[Year:2013] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:44-51][No of Hits : 568]



 
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Deepti V.

RECENT ADVANCES IN LOCAL ANESTHESIA - OVERVIEW

[Year:2011] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:36] [Pages No:34-36][No of Hits : 537]



 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Bharath Chandra GNR, KL Vandana

Periodontal Osseous Defects: A Review

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:40] [Pages No:22-29][No of Hits : 137]


ABSTRACT

Periodontitis is an inflammatory process affecting the periodontal tissues caused by multi-factorial origin. Among all the characteristic signs of periodontal disease, loss of support from alveolar boneis the one which usually represents theanatomical sequela to the progression of periodontitis apically.The bone loss which is induced by periodontitis occur either single or in different combination forms. The identification of these osseous defects on surgical exposure of bone is clinically challenging as the osseous and it becomes imperative for a clinician to understand these defects and categorize them well to have better therapeutic approaches. Intimate knowledge of all these periodontal osseous defects associated with periodontal disease is essential. So this review is aimed at classification and deep insight which will be helpful for proper diagnosis and treatment of periodontal osseous defects.

Keywords: Alveolar process, Bone resorption, Periodontitis.

How to cite this article: Chandra GNRB, Vandana KL. Periodontal Osseous Defects: A Review. CODS J Dent 2017;9(1):22-29.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Editorial
KL Vandana, NB Nagaveni

Artificial Intelligence in Dentistry

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:40] [Pages No:v-vi][No of Hits : 114]


ABSTRACT

Artificial Intelligence (AI) sometimes called machine intelligence is the intelligence expressed by machines in contrast to the natural intelligence expressed by humans and animals. From past decades technologies have been developing to mimic the functions of a human brain. In 1950, a breakthrough occurred when a British mathematician, Alan Turing devised a machine to decode encrypted messages.1 In 1956 conference, researchers from Dartmouth College introduced programs that were described as ‘astonishing’ in which computers could learn—checker strategies, solving word problems in algebra, proving logical theorems and speaking English.2 Later in 1990s, AI began to be used for logistics, data mining, medical diagnosis and other areas.


 
CASE REPORT
KL Vandana, Priyanka Dalvi, Neha Mahajan

Idiopathic Gingival Enlargement with Aggressive Periodontitis Treated with Surgical Gingivectomy and 0.2% Hyaluronic Acid Gel (Gengigel®)

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:40] [Pages No:36-40][No of Hits : 58]


ABSTRACT

Background: Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis is known to be a benign slow growing proliferation of the gingival tissue. It is genetically heterogeneous, associated with syndromes and rarely presents as an isolated disorder. Aggressive periodontitis (AP) is a disorder that results in severe rapid destruction of the tooth-supporting apparatus and is also a genetically transmitted disorder of the periodontium. In the case of gingival enlargement there will be an excessive display of gingiva affecting the esthetic and functional problems. Gingival enlargement in association with generalized AP is very rare.

Case description: A 23-year-old female was reported with a recurrence of gingival enlargement along with generalized tooth mobility. On detailed history, clinical and laboratory findings, it was diagnosed as recurrent idiopathic gingival enlargement with generalized aggressive periodontitis. This patient has been followed up for nearly 9 years ever since she first reported to us in the year 2004 with a similar finding. Treatment included extraction of teeth with a hopeless prognosis, through phase I therapy, local drug delivery of gengigel® 0.2% hyaluronic acid, gingivectomy using electrocautery, follow up visits and prosthetic rehabilitation using a treatment partial denture.

Conclusion: In generalized AP, rapid destruction of periodontal tissues can be prevented by early diagnosis. Also, diagnosis of GAP can be complicated by associated conditions like gingival enlargement. Therefore the diagnosis should be based on complete history radiographical microbiological and clinical findings. The use of local application of agents such as Gengigel ® is recommended to improve the periodontal condition.

Keywords: Aggressive periodontitis, Gingival enlargement, Gingivectomy, Gengigel®, Local drug delivery.

How to cite this article: Vandana KL, Dalvi P, Mahajan N. Idiopathic Gingival Enlargement with Aggressive Periodontitis Treated with Surgical Gingivectomy and 0.2% Hyaluronic Acid Gel (Gengigel®). CODS J Dent 2017;9(1):36-40.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
NM Dhanyakumar, Mannur N Ajit

A Comparative Analysis of Efficacy of Retreating the Root Canal using Rotary Files, in Rotational Motion or Reciprocative Adaptive Motion and Reciprocating Single File System: An In Vitro Study

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:40] [Pages No:1-6][No of Hits : 56]


ABSTRACT

Aim: This experiment was planned, to understand and analyze the efficacy of retreatment with the PTUR files with rotational motion and adaptive motion technology and a single reciprocating file system (Reciproc R50); in an in vitro setup.

Materials and methods: Fifty-four extracted lower 1st molars were equally distributed in three groups of 18 specimens, respectively. Access cavity was prepared, and working length was measured in the mesiobuccal canal with a No.10 K-file. Canal preparation was done using ProTaper Universal files SX-F2. Irrigation was done using 2.5% NaOCl and 17% Ethylenediaminetetraacetic (EDTA) solution. Obturation was done using ProTaper F2 GP cones with AH Plus sealer by using System-B warm vertical compaction method. Group I-Retreatment with PTUR files D1-D3 in rotary motion; Group II-Retreatment with PTUR files D1-D3 in adaptive motion; Group III-Retreatment with reciproc R50 file in the reciprocating motion. The time taken for retreatment of the canal in each sample in each group was noted. The teeth were sectioned longitudinally and were observed under the stereo microscope at 8X magnification. The remaining amount of filling material was calculated on the images as a percentage. Statistics were analyzed using one way analysis of variance (ANNOVA) and Tukey post-hoc test.

Results: In the coronal third, the Reciproc R50 file was the most efficient in removing the filling from the canal followed by the ProTaper retreatment files in adaptive motion and then the ProTaper retreatment files in rotary motion with a significant difference according to statistics, between all three groups.
In middle one-third and apical one-third, ProTaper retreatment files in adaptive motion were the most effective in removing root canal filling followed by the reciproc R50 file and then the ProTaper retreatment files in rotary motion with a significant difference between all the three groups. The reciproc R50 files in reciprocating motion took significantly less preparation time compared to the other two groups.

Conclusion: The ProTaper retreatment files with adaptive motion showed the least amount of remaining filling material in the middle and apical one-third of the root canal. The reciproc R50 file with reciprocating motion showed the least amount of residual filling material in the coronal one-third of the root canal. The ProTaper retreatment files with adaptive motion prepared the root canal most rapidly among the three groups.

Keywords: Adaptive motion, Reciprocating motion, Retreatment, Rotary motion, Stereomicroscope.

How to cite this article: Dhanyakumar NM, Ajit MN. A Comparative Analysis of Efficacy of Retreating the Root Canal using Rotary Files, in Rotational Motion or Reciprocative Adaptive Motion and Reciprocating Single File System-An In Vitro Study. CODS J Dent 2017;9(1):1-6.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Roopa K Thippanna, Vijayalakshmi C Ramu

Prevalence of Dental Attrition and its Severity in Relation to Age and Gender: A Clinical Study

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:40] [Pages No:16-21][No of Hits : 52]


ABSTRACT

Aim: The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence and severity of dental attrition in different age groups in both the gender among the population of Davangere district.

Need for the study: Early diagnosis, treatment and preventive care of attrition has become an essential and important part of daily practice.Hence, the present study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of dental attrition and its severity in different age groups in both the genders.

Materials and methodology: The present study was conducted randomly among the dentulous or partially edentulous individuals seeking dental treatment for various needs in College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka. A total of 570 subjects were divided into three groups according to different age i.e., young (18-34 years), middle (35-54 years) and old (55 years and above).
Questionnaire and clinical examination was performed personally for each subject. Clinical examination involved the evaluation of individual tooth for attrition and scoring was done using attrition index modified by tooth wear index of Smith and Knight.

Results: The study was carried out on 570 subjects divided into three groups. Subjects in the middle and old age group showed 100% prevalence of attrition and subjects in younger age group showed 91.5% prevalence. Mean attrition score in subjects of young, middle and old age groups were 0.21, 0.82, 1.44 respectively. Mean attrition scores of males and females in all the age groups as 0.99, 0.67 respectively.

Conclusion: Highest prevalence of attrition was seen in both middle and old age compared to younger age. Younger age showed least attrition score involving only enamel compared to older age who showed attrition involving enamel and dentine. As the age advances severity of attrition was also increased. Males showed higher attrition than females. Severity of attrition was also more in males.

Keywords: Attrition, Prevalence of tooth wear, Severity of attrition, Tooth wear.

How to cite this article: Thippanna RK, Ramu VC. Prevalence of Dental Attrition and its Severity in Relation to Age and Gender: A Clinical Study. CODS J Dent 2017;9(1):16-21.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
NB Nagaveni, P Poornima, Anila Vilsan, Mebin G Mathew, Safina Masroor

Prevalence of Three-rooted Primary Mandibular First Molars in Children of Davangere, Karnataka, India

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:40] [Pages No:7-9][No of Hits : 48]


ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of three-rooted primary mandibular first molars in children of Davangere, Karnataka, India.

Materials and methods: Children aged 3 to 10 years, who reported to the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, during the period of January to December 2014 were included in the study. Intraoral periapical radiographs of bilateral primary mandibular first molars, obtained from 77 patients, were investigated for the presence of an additional root. A total of 154 primary mandibular first molars were examined.

Results: The total occurrence of three rooted primary mandibular first molar among the study subjects was 1.3%. There was noted an equal distribution among boys and girls (1:1). Both the three rooted primary first molar occurred on the right side with no bilateral occurrence noted.

Conclusion: Primary mandibular first molar can display several anatomical variations, most frequently supernumerary root located distolingually. Hence, pedodontists should be alert in the identification of additional roots and to make necessary treatment modifications.

Clinical significance: An awareness and understanding of the presence of additional roots and unusual root canal morphology are essential as it determines the successful outcome of the endodontic treatment.

Keywords: Primary first mandibular molars, Radix endomolaris, Radix paramolaris, Root anomaly, Three-rooted mandibular molars.

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Poornima P, Vilsan A, Mathew MG, Masroor S. Prevalence of Three-rooted Primary Mandibular First Molars in Children of Davangere, Karnataka, India. CODS J Dent 2017;9(1):7-9.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
NB Nagaveni, P Poornima, Shruti Singh, Safina Masroor

Solitary Maxillary Central Incisor along with Mesiodens–Report of a Rare Case with Literature Review

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:40] [Pages No:30-35][No of Hits : 47]


ABSTRACT

Dental anomalies of tooth number in development of the permanent dentition are quite common than the primary dentition. However, the combined occurrence of hypodontia and hyperdontia is a rare phenomenon, especially in the same dental arch, congenital absence of maxillary central incisor is still the rarest entity. The purpose of this report is to describe a rare case of a solitary maxillary permanent central incisor in association with labially erupted mesiodens.

Keywords: Agenesis, Mesiodens, Solitary maxillary central incisor.

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Poornima P, Singh S, Masroor S. Solitary Maxillary Central Incisor along with Mesiodens-Report of a Rare Case with Literature Review. CODS J Dent 2017;9(1):30-35.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
RS Basavanna, Vasundhara Shivanna, Juhi Ku Nayak

Evaluation of Dentinal Crack Initiation after Root Canal Preparation Using three Different Nickel Titanium Rotary Instrument: An In vitro Study.

[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:9 ] [Number:1] [Pages:40] [Pages No:10-15][No of Hits : 41]


ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of dentinal crack initiation after root canal preparation using four different nickeltitanium (NiTi) rotary instruments.

Methods: Sixty single-rooted premolars were selected. A total of 15 teeth were left unprepared and served as a negative control; another 25 teeth were instrumented with the ProTaper universal system up to size F2 as a positive control, and the remaining 30 teeth were shaped with the following experimental groups with an apical size 25 file: ProTaper Next X2 and K3XF 25/0.4. Canals were irrigated with 12 mL of 1% sodium hypochlorite solution and rinsed with 5 mL of distilled water. All the roots were sectioned perpendicular to the long axis at 3, 6 and 9 mm from the root apex and examined under a stereomicroscope at 25X magnification to determine the presence of cracks. Data were analyzed using Fischer’s exact test.

Results: There was a non-significant difference in the percentage of dentinal crack after biomechanical preparation with NiTi rotary files as compared to the unprepared group except when compared with protaper universal.

Interpretation and conclusion: All NiTi rotary files are capable of initiation of cracks during root canal instrumentation. The maximum percentage of cracks occur in the apical section. The percentage of dentinal crack in the apical section is least in ProTaper Next.

Keywords: Dentinal cracks, ProTaper next, ProTaper universal, K3XF, Root canal instrumentation, Vertical root fracture, Rotary Nickel-Titanium instruments.

How to cite this article: Basavanna RS, Shivanna V, Nayak JK. Evaluation of Dentinal Crack Initiation after Root Canal Preparation Using three Different Nickel Titanium Rotary Instrument: An In Vitro Study. CODS J Dent 2017;9(1):10-15.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Kharidi L Vandana, Jing Y Hey, How Z Yuan, Hoovinalli P Vivek, Nazam Lakhani

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Interdental Aids among Dental and Medical Malaysian Students in Davangere District, Karnataka, India

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:91-99][No of Hits : 426]


ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding interdental aids in students of Malaysian origin pursuing their education in India.

Materials and methods: The subjects comprising the population of this study were dental and medical Malaysian students residing at Davangere. This questionnaire included 46 items designed to evaluate KAP among dental and medical students regarding the interdental aids’ use and their oral health practices. Data analysis was performed using chi-square test, mean age ± standard deviation, and percentage.

Results: This study included 232 subjects. Percentages and analysis of correct responses according to Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) and Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) students were determined. The knowledge-based “Yes” responses were highest in dental students, followed by medical students.

Conclusion: The KAP of interdental aids of BDS students were better than those of MBBS students. The dental students provided significantly higher correct responses pertaining to interdental aids.

Keywords: Attitude, Interdental aids, Knowledge, Practice, Student population.

How to cite this article: Vandana KL, Hey JY, Yuan HZ, Vivek HP, Lakhani N. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Interdental Aids among Dental and Medical Malaysian Students in Davangere District, Karnataka, India. CODS J Dent 2016;8(2):91-99.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Vasundhara Shivanna, Sharil Pottanchaliyil

Microhardness Test to evaluate the Effect of Chelating Agents on the Superficial Layer of Root Canal Lumen Dentin

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:104-107][No of Hits : 375]


ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of different chelating agents on the microhardness of the most superficial layer of root canal lumen dentin.

Materials and methods: Forty-two extracted single-rooted teeth were instrumented, and the roots were longitudinally sectioned in a buccolingual direction to expose the entire root canal extension. The specimens were distributed into five groups according to the different chelating agents used: 15% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) solution, 15% EDTA gel, 10% citric acid, 5% malic acid, and control [no irrigation (n=2)]. A standard volume of 50 μL of each chelating agent was used for 5 minutes. Dentin microhardness was measured with a Vickers indenter under a 50 gm load and a 15 second dwell time. Data were analyzed statistically by one-way analysis of variance and post hoc multiple comparison test at 5% significance level.

Results: Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid solution, EDTA gel, and citric acid had the greatest overall effect causing decrease in dentin microhardness without a significant difference (p>0.05) from each other. However, these chelating agents differed significantly with malic acid (p<0.05).

Conclusion: All tested chelating solutions reduced microhardness of the most superficial root canal dentin layer. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and citric acid were the most efficient.

Keywords: Chelators, Dentin microhardness, Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, Irrigants.

How to cite this article: Shivanna V, Pottanchaliyil S. Microhardness Test to evaluate the Effect of Chelating Agents on the Superficial Layer of Root Canal Lumen Dentin. CODS J Dent 2016;8(2):104-107.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
R Ambika Kumari, Madhudi S Vishwas

To compare the Incidence of Dentinal Cracks after Instrumentation with Rotary, Reciprocating Twisted File Adaptive System

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:100-103][No of Hits : 360]


ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the incidence of dentinal cracks after instrumentation with rotary, reciprocating Twisted File Adaptive (TFA) system using stereomicroscope.

Materials and methods: Forty single-rooted human teeth with mature apices were collected. Ten teeth were left as the control group and 30 teeth were divided into three groups: group I— ProTaper Next file, group II—WaveOne file, and group III—TFA. For standardization, apical enlargement of all teeth was done till 25 tip size. WaveOne file—size of 0.25/0.08; ProTaper Next— Sx, X1 (17/0.4), and X2 (25/0.06) TFA—ML1 (20/O.04), ML2 (25/0.06). Canals were irrigated with 5.25% NaOCl and saline. All the roots were horizontally sectioned at 3, 6, and 9 mm from the apex with a low-speed disk under water spray. The slices were viewed under stereomicroscope at 25× magnification.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference among the three file systems. Overall, ProTaper Next produced the most complete microcracks and WaveOne produced incomplete microcracks. The TFA system caused less root microcracks than the other groups.

Conclusion: Under the study limitations, there was no significant difference among the three file systems. The TFA system caused less root microcracks than the ProTaper Next and WaveOne groups.

Keywords: ProTaper Next, Twisted file adaptive, WaveOne.

How to cite this article: Kumari RA, Vishwas MS. To compare the Incidence of Dentinal Cracks after Instrumentation with Rotary, Reciprocating Twisted File Adaptive System. CODS J Dent 2016;8(2):100-103.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Bharath G Chandra, Narayan N Walavalkar, Shobha Prakash, NC Praveen

Comparison of Diode Laser and Scalpel Techniques in the Treatment of Gingival Melanin Hyperpigmentation

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:64-69][No of Hits : 341]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Although clinical melanin pigmentation does not present itself as a medical problem or a disease entity, “black gums” is a major esthetic complaint for many people, who often request cosmetic corrections. Depigmentation of melanin hyperpigmented gingiva can be carried out using many procedures, of which lasers are a new addition. This study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of conventional scalpel scraping and diode laser for the treatment of gingival melanin hyperpigmentation.

Materials and methods: A total of 14 patients in the age group between 15 and 30 years were selected for a randomized split mouth depigmentation procedure using scalpel scraping (group I) and diode laser (group II). Parameters evaluated were recurrence of pigmentation using Dummett index 1964, and plaque index and gingival index at 1 week, and 1, 3, and 6 months. Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze statistical significance between different variables.

Results: There was no statistical significance in plaque and gingival index in both the groups. At 6 months in group I, repigmentation was seen in 10 patients and in group II, repigmentation was seen in 8 patients.

Conclusion: Although both treatment modalities are highly effective depigmentation procedures, giving excellent esthetics results, scalpel remains the gold standard because of its convenience and cost-effectiveness. However, by adhering to safety measures, the diode laser can also be used to remove gingival pigmentation efficiently.

Keywords: Gingival depigmentation, Laser, Scalpel.

How to cite this article: Chandra BG, Walavalkar NN, Prakash S, Praveen NC. Comparison of Diode Laser and Scalpel Techniques in the Treatment of Gingival Melanin Hyperpigmentation. CODS J Dent 2016;8(2):64-69.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
NB Nagaveni, P Poornima, Anila Valsan, Mebin G Mathew

Idiopathic Congenital Agenesis of Primary Teeth: A Report of Two Cases with Review of Literature

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:101-126][No of Hits : 317]


ABSTRACT

Nonsyndromic idiopathic agenesis of primary teeth is a rare finding. Clinician’s sound knowledge and preparedness for the early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are important to prevent consequences of esthetic and functional problems in children with congenitally absent primary teeth. This article reports two such cases of missing primary teeth in children of Asian origin.

Keywords: Congenital absence, Hypodontia, Oligodontia, Primary teeth.

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Poornima P, Valsan A, Mathew MG. Idiopathic Congenital Agenesis of Primary Teeth: A Report of Two Cases with Review of Literature. CODS J Dent 2016;8(2):121-126.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Mala R Manohar, Gajendra Bhansali

Evaluation of Force Decay of Elastomeric Ligatures in Simulated Oral Environment.

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:74-77][No of Hits : 284]


ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim is to assess the amount of force decay of the elastomeric ligatures at a constant distance at different time intervals in a simulated oral environment.

Materials and methods: The elastomeric ligatures were obtained from 3M Unitek. Totally, 100 elastomeric ligatures obtained were stretched to twice their outer diameter to study the force degradation pattern under static conditions over a period of 6 weeks in a simulated oral environment. The values obtained were statistically analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Results: Elastomeric ligatures exhibited significantly high initial force levels. There was a rapid force loss for all the ligatures after day 1, followed by week 1. However, they exerted more consistent force levels in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th weeks, exhibiting a minimal force decay of 6% in 2nd to 4th weeks.

Conclusion: Elastomeric ligatures exert clinically significant force levels over a period of 4 weeks necessary for tooth movement. A monthly activation schedule is recommended.

Keywords: Decay, Elastomeric ligatures, Force.

How to cite this article: Manohar MR, Bhansali G. Evaluation of Force Decay of Elastomeric Ligatures in Simulated Oral Environment. CODS J Dent 2016;8(2):74-77.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
IE Neena, P Poornima, Yanina Singh, Abraham Ashwin Bahanan, SB Meghana

A Survey regarding Maternal Awareness about Oral Hygiene and Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in 3- to 6-year-old Children in Davangere, Karnataka, India

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:6-8][No of Hits : 254]


ABSTRACT

Aim: To create awareness among the parents (mothers) about early childhood caries (ECC), to provide information, and to check knowledge about oral hygiene measures.

Materials and methods: A total of 382 children aged 3 to 6 years were examined from play homes and schools in Davangere, Karnataka, India, by the modified International Caries Detection and Assessment System criteria. A questionnaire was given to all the mothers of the examined children to fill in the details to create awareness among mother’s oral hygiene measures. The collected data were then analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 17.0 software) to assess the prevalence of ECC and knowledge regarding ECC among mothers.

Results: About 64.7% of mothers clean their child’s mouth after feeding, 40.1% started practicing oral hygiene at the age of 12 months and practiced oral hygiene twice a day.

Conclusion: Results show that mothers were quite aware of oral hygiene measures. They know about the proper way of toothbrushing and also about the frequency of brushing.

Keywords: Early childhood caries, Maternal awareness, Oral hygiene.

How to cite this article: Neena IE, Poornima P, Singh Y, Bahanan AA, Meghana SB. A Survey regarding Maternal Awareness about Oral Hygiene and Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in 3- to 6-year-old Children in Davangere, Karnataka, India. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):6-8.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None


 
Editorial
KL Vandana, NB Nagaveni

Power of Publication

[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:v][No of Hits : 240]


ABSTRACT

In Europe, Denis de Sallo published the earliest academic journal, Journal des savants. The content of this journal included church history, legal reports, and obituaries of famous men.1 The first issue appeared as a 12-page pamphlet on Monday,2 January 5, 1665.3


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Darshit Dhanani, G Shivaprakash

Cephalometric Evaluation of Alveolar Bone Remodeling following Anterior Teeth Retraction

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:21-24][No of Hits : 237]


ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the extent of the alveolar bone remodeling after incisor retraction using lateral cephalograms.

Materials and methods: Lateral cephalograms of 30 patients with age of 16 years and above requiring therapeutic extraction of both maxillary and mandibular first premolars, mainly for the purpose of retraction of anterior teeth, had been taken at the start of treatment and after retraction of anterior teeth. Various hard tissue anatomical landmarks were traced, and linear parameters of pretreatment (T1) and postretraction (T2) lateral cephalometric radiographs were measured. The mean and standard deviation were calculated, the data were tabulated, and comparison of T1 and T2 readings was made utilizing paired Student’s t-test.

Results: When maxillary incisors are retracted, the labial bone thickness at the midroot level (MxL2) and at apical level (MxL3) increased during upper incisor retraction. There was a significant reduction in alveolar bone thickness on the lingual/palatal side after maxillary and mandibular incisor retraction.

Conclusion: When tooth movement is limited, forcing the tooth against the cortical bone may cause adverse sequelae. This type of approach must be carefully monitored to avoid negative iatrogenic effects.

Keywords: Alveolar bone remodeling, Incisor retraction, Labial bone thickness, Lateral cephalograms.

How to cite this article: Dhanani D, Shivaprakash G. Cephalometric Evaluation of Alveolar Bone Remodeling following Anterior Teeth Retraction. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):21-24.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
NM Dhanyakumar, Soumya R Devasia

Management of Palatogingival Groove using the Innovative Tricalcium Silicate Material Biodentine™

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:54-58][No of Hits : 230]


ABSTRACT

Palatogingival grooves (PGG) are developmental malformations that cause endodontic-periodontal lesions. Owing to their inconspicuous occurrence, funnel-shaped morphology, and variable extent on tooth root, they promote adherence of plaque and bacteria to levels significant for the development of pathology. Several treatment approaches have been recognized in the literature for the management of this anomaly. Here, in this report, a 32-year-old female patient reported with the complaint of pain and swelling in maxillary left lateral incisor. Clinical examination confirmed an endodontic- periodontal lesion in relation to PGG. Endodontic treatment was instituted followed by odontoplasty of the groove and restoration with newer calcium silicate cement, Biodentine. Combined endodontic-periodontal approach was successful in resolving the pathology with complete healing seen both clinically and radiographically. Timely diagnosis, prevention, and management are highly recommended to prevent tooth loss due to complications arising secondary to their presence.

Keywords: Biodentine™, Developmental malformation, Maxillary lateral incisor, Palatogingival groove.

How to cite this article: Dhanyakumar NM, Devasia SR. Management of Palatogingival Groove using the Innovative Tricalcium Silicate Material Biodentine™. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):54-58.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Vasundhara Shivanna, Ravi Bhargavi

An in vitro Comparison of the Effect of Three Different Endodontic Medicaments on the Bond Strength of a Resin-based Endodontic Sealer to the Root Canal Dentin

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:28-32][No of Hits : 219]


ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2], 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) gel, and propolis when used as intracanal medicaments on the bond strength of a resin-based sealer (AH Plus Jet; Dentsply DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany) to the root dentin.

Materials and methods: Sixty freshly extracted single-rooted human teeth were utilized for this study and the crowns were decoronated. The root canals were instrumented and randomized into four groups according to the medicament used: Group I: Control; group II: Ca(OH)2; group III: CHX; group IV: Propolis. The specimens were stored for 10 days in 100% humidity at 37°C, and the intracanal dressings were removed by rinsing with 10 mL of 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid followed by 10 mL of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, then obturated with guttapercha and AH Plus Jet sealer. A push-out test to measure the bond strength between the root canal dentin and the sealer was done. Two-way analysis of variance and Tukey’s post hoc pairwise tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The use of intracanal medicaments had shown to significantly influence the push-out bond strengths of the resin sealer used (p < 0.05). At coronal and middle thirds, there was no significant difference in bond strengths among all the four groups (p > 0.05). At apical third, the mean bond strength value for propolis group was significantly superior when compared with the other three groups (p < 0.05). The CHX group showed higher bond strength values at apical third compared with Ca(OH)2 and control groups, but it was not significant (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Propolis showed superior push-out bond strength than CHX, Ca(OH)2, and control groups at apical third, while no significant differences were observed among all the groups at coronal and middle thirds.

Keywords: AH Plus Jet, Bond strength, Calcium hydroxide, Chlorhexidine, Propolis, Push-out test.

How to cite this article: Shivanna V, Bhargavi R. An in vitro Comparison of the Effect of Three Different Endodontic Medicaments on the Bond Strength of a Resin-based Endodontic Sealer to the Root Canal Dentin. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):28-32

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Priti Vasant Khandelwal, KT Roopa, CR Vijayalakshmi

Marginal Fit of Polymethyl Methacrylate Provisional Restorative Material after Polymerization at Different Water Temperatures and after Relining: A Comparative Study

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:33-38][No of Hits : 210]


ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Good fit at the margins of provisional crowns is essential to maintain gingival health and to protect teeth from physical, chemical, bacterial, and thermal injuries. Use of water at the time of curing of provisional crown and relining are advised to get best the marginal fit.
The purpose of this study is to compare marginal fit after complete polymerization at room temperature followed by relining and after polymerization at different temperatures of water of provisional restorative material [polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)].

Materials and methods: Eight provisional crowns of PMMA for groups A, A1, A2, and A3 were made using a precisely machined brass metal die simulating unprepared tooth and prepared tooth. The marginal fit of provisional crowns measured using stereomicroscope (0.5×10× magnification) at four different points to have 32 measurements in each group in micrometers (μm).

Results and conclusion: Intragroup comparison showed a statistically significant difference in marginal gap of all PMMA at 5 minutes of curing time and 10 minutes of storage time. Order of marginal gap was A3<A1<A2<A. The relining of provisional crowns showed the best marginal fit of all groups.

Keywords: Marginal fit, Polymethyl methacrylate, Storage time.

How to cite this article: Khandelwal PV, Roopa KT, Vijayalakshmi CR. Marginal Fit of Polymethyl Methacrylate Provisional Restorative Material after Polymerization at Different Water Temperatures and after Relining: A Comparative Study. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):33-38.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
NB Nagaveni, P Poornima, Anila Valsan, Mebin George Mathew

Management of Mesiodens and ectopically Erupted Central Incisor

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:49-53][No of Hits : 208]


ABSTRACT

Pediatric dentists come across children and developing malocclusion at the earliest, early recognition and interception could avoid long-term laborious orthodontic treatment. Mesiodens are the most common supernumerary teeth, in the central region of the premaxilla, between the two central incisors, which may be the cause for a variety of irregularities in the developing occlusion, in particular, can lead to the impaction or ectopic eruption of adjacent permanent teeth, in the most esthetically important zone. Presented here is a case of management of ectopically erupted right permanent central incisor caused due to supernumerary tooth.

Keywords: Ectopic eruption, Mesiodens, Orthodontic treatment, Supplemental.

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Poornima P, Valsan A, Mathew MG. Management of Mesiodens and ectopically Erupted Central Incisor. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):49-53.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Ravula A Reddy, RS Basavanna

Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength of Fiber-reinforced Composite and Methacrylate-based Composite to Pure Tricalcium-based Cement

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:25-27][No of Hits : 196]


ABSTRACT

Aim: Fracture of restorative composite is reported as a common reason for replacement. Due to failures of this kind, it is still controversial whether restorative composites should be used in large, high-stress-bearing applications, such as in direct posterior restorations. The high brittleness of current composites hinders their use in large stress-bearing areas. Thus, recently short fiber-reinforced composite was introduced as dental restorative composite resin. The aim of the article is to evaluate shear bond strength of fiber-reinforced composite (everX Posterior) and methacrylate-based composite (FILTEK Z250) to pure tricalcium silicate-based cement (biodentine).

Materials and methods: Acrylic blocks (n = 30) with 2 mm high and 5 mm diameter central holes were prepared. The samples were taken and filled with biodentine and were divided into two groups containing 15 in each group. Group I: Fiber-reinforced composite. Group II: Methacrylate-based composite, which are layered over biodentine. The specimens are transferred to the universal testing machine and subjected to shear bond strength analysis at a cross-head speed of 1.0 mm/minute.

Results: The bond strength values were significantly higher in case of fiber-reinforced composite when compared with methacrylate-based composite.

Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study, it was concluded that the fiber-reinforced composite with biodentine had highest bond strength when compared with methacrylate-based composite.

Clinical significance: Fiber-reinforced composite has excellent fatigue resistance because the embedded fibers are bonded to the polymer matrix and allow the stresses to be distributed effectively throughout the restoration. They are most suitable for applications in which the direction of highest stress is predictable. They are used in cavities with three or more surfaces missing and also in large-sized cavities. They are extensively used in cavities where inlays and onlays are prescribed.

Keywords: Biodentine, Fiber-reinforced composite, Methacrylatebased composite, Shear bond strength.

How to cite this article: Reddy RA, Basavanna RS. Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength of Fiber-reinforced Composite and Methacrylate-based Composite to Pure Tricalcium-based Cement. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):25-27.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
G Vinaya Kumar, Renuka Devi, Nimmy Anto

Evaluation and Comparison of the Surface Roughness and Porosity of Different Provisional Restorative Materials: An in vitro Study

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:39-45][No of Hits : 193]


ABSTRACT

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the surface roughness and porosity of different provisional restorative materials.

Materials and methods: Provisional restorative materials were divided into following three groups: Dental products of india (DPI), Protemp, Tempofit. For each group, wax block with 20 × 10 × 3 mm was made for making vinyl polysiloxane impression material to give 12 samples in each group of three different provisional restorative materials. The acrylic resin was inserted into the silicon impression mold. A total of 12 specimens of one material were obtained. The specimens were finished with the help of lathe using a sequence of grit sand paper. The surface roughness was verified with the help of a micron dial indicator. To facilitate the porosity readings, the specimens were immersed in dye for 2 hours. The number of pores in each area was determined with a stereomicroscope with magnification 1× 50× to check the porosity of three different provisional restorative materials. Values were subjected to statistical analysis.

Results: Analysis of variance (ANOVA) test was used to compare between Tempofit, Protemp, and DPI. The results obtained indicated that surface roughness of Protemp was least compared with Tempofit and DPI. The ANOVA test was used to check surface area of porosities in each provisional material, followed by Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test (highly significant) (p < 0.001). The results obtained indicate that Protemp material showed the least number of porosities and minimal surface roughness followed by Tempofit and DPI. Henceforth, it can be concluded that among the three tested materials, Protemp was the best material which can be used for provisional restorations.

Conclusion: Surface roughness and porosity were compared among Protemp, Tempofit, and DPI material; the best results were obtained with the use of Protemp material which had shown the least number of porosities and minimal surface roughness.

Keywords: Dental products of india, Porosity, Protemp, Surface roughness, Tempofit.

How to cite this article: Kumar GV, Devi R, Anto N. Evaluation and Comparison of the Surface Roughness and Porosity of Different Provisional Restorative Materials: An in vitro Study. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):39-45.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Repala R Navya, GB Shivamurthy

Comparing the Sealing Ability of Contemporary Restorative Materials

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:12-15][No of Hits : 191]


ABSTRACT

Aim: The success of the root canal treatment mainly depends upon the three-dimensional obturation of the root canal system. The purpose of this study is to compare the sealing ability of biodentine, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and glass ionomer cement (GIC).

Materials and methods: Teeth were obturated with guttapercha using AH PLUS sealer in all groups. The intracanal sealing material used in group I was GIC, group II was MTA, and group III was biodentine. The specimens were longitudinally sectioned. Coronal microleakage was determined under a stereomicroscope using 15× magnification. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance followed by post hoc multiple comparisons (Bonferroni).

Results: Biodentine group leaked significantly less than the GIC group (p < 0.05). The sealing ability of biodentine was better than that of MTA, but the difference was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Biodentine or MTA may be preferred over GIC as an intracanal barrier.

Clinical significance: Biodentine or MTA can be used in areas where an impervious seal has to be obtained. They can also be used to seal the perforations in the coronal middle and apical thirds of the root canal. These materials have an ability to form a barrier during apexification procedures.

Keywords: AH PLUS sealer, Biodentine, Glass ionomer cement, Intracanal sealing, Mineral trioxide aggregate.

How to cite this article: Navya RR, Shivamurthy GB. Comparing the Sealing Ability of Contemporary Restorative Materials. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):12-15.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Nazam Lakhani, KL Vandana

Gene Therapy in Periodontal Tissue Engineering

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:46-48][No of Hits : 190]


ABSTRACT

An elaborate system of signaling molecules regulates the cellular and molecular events of periodontal healing, the primary strategy for which is functional periodontal compartment regeneration and replication of components of the natural cellular microenvironment by providing an artificial extracellular matrix and by delivering growth factors. A new, so-called gene delivery method works by converting cells into protein- producing factories, thereby bypassing the dilemma. Gene therapy can channel the cellular signals in a controlled and very systematic manner, to provide encoded proteins at every stage of tissue regeneration. The aim of this review is to highlight the applications of gene delivery and tissue engineering in periodontal regeneration.

Keywords: Gene therapy, Periodontal regeneration, Stem cells, Tissue engineering, Vectors.

How to cite this article: Lakhani N, Vandana KL. Gene Therapy in Periodontal Tissue Engineering. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):46-48.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Podutwar Priyanka Diliprao, GS Madhushankari, KP Mohankumar, SB Praveen, Pramod Redder Chandrappa, DB Nandini

Prevalence of Tobacco Habits in Dental Outpatients

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:9-11][No of Hits : 171]


ABSTRACT

Background: Tobacco usage in any form has devastating effects on the health of the person including oral and pharyngeal cancer, which is one of the major causes of death.

Aim: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of tobacco consumption in various forms among dental outpatients.

Materials and methods: Patients reporting to the outpatient department of the College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Bengaluru, India, were evaluated for the presence or absence of habit. Habit history was recorded using standardized proforma from every patient, and the obtained data was assessed in relation to age, gender, duration of habit, and frequency of tobacco consumption.

Results: Among the 507 study participants, habits were present in 115 (22.68%), among which 101 (87.82%) were males and 14 (12.17%) were females. Among males, raw tobacco chewing and gutkha chewing had equal prevalence [25 (21.73%)] followed by cigarette smoking [23 (20%)]. In females, tobacco chewing [10 (8.69%)] was the most common habit and none of them smoked tobacco. Habits were more prevalent between the age group of 16 and 30 years. The results were found to be highly significant on applying chi-square test.

Conclusion: Higher prevalence of tobacco usage among the study population as compared with other studies needs to be addressed and counseled.

Keywords: Prevalence, Smoking, Tobacco chewing.

How to cite this article: Diliprao PP, Madhushankari GS, Mohankumar KP, Praveen SB, Chandrappa PR, Nandini DB. Prevalence of Tobacco Habits in Dental Outpatients. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):9-11.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
NB Nagaveni, Sneha Yadav, P Poornima, KP Bharath, Mebin George Mathew, AS Shruthi

Occurrence of Dental Abnormalities in Hemophilic Patients in the City of Davangere, Karnataka, India

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:1-5][No of Hits : 141]


ABSTRACT

Aim: This study was carried out to determine the level of awareness about the importance of oral health in hemophilic children and their caretakers as well as to examine the oral condition in children with hemophilia and compare them to general population.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the city of Davangere. The study consists of total 100 children which were divided into group I —children having hemophilia (n = 50) and group II— normal healthy children (n = 50) of age 3 to 18 years. The oral cavity of both the groups was examined to assess to detect presence of any hard and soft tissue anomalies. By interviewing the parents of hemophilic patients, their demographic data, family history, and knowledge and understanding of value of oral health were assessed. Data were analyzed by chi-square and student’s unpaired t-test.

Results: No significant difference in the presence of oral anomalies in both the groups was observed.

Conclusion: The study concluded that there is no major difference in the prevalence of dental abnormalities in hemophilic and healthy children. Also, educating the mass about oral health and maintenance is as important as treating the hemophilic patient for oral diseases.

Keywords: Dental abnormalities, Hemophilia, Oral hygiene.

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Yadav S, Poornima P, Bharath KP, Mathew MG, Shruthi AS. Occurrence of Dental Abnormalities in Hemophilic Patients in the City of Davangere, Karnataka, India. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):1-5.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
President's Message
Vasundhara Shivanna

President’s Message

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:vi][No of Hits : 114]


ABSTRACT

It gives me immense pleasure to inform all our readers that our esteemed college journal, CODS journal of Dentistry (CODS JOD) is available online through Jaypee publications. Since, it is accessible online it provides an excellent platform to share our knowledge, experience and resources to clinicians, faculty members and alumni all over.


 
Secretary's Message
Praveen S Basandi

Secretary’s Message

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:viii][No of Hits : 86]


ABSTRACT

Season’s greetings from CODS Alumni Association
It gives me immense pleasure to inform you that the CODS journal of Dentistry, which is an official publication of the Alumni association has taken a giant step towards achieving various indexing and hence from now onwards will be accessible under Jaypee publications.


 
Editorial
Vandana KL, Nagaveni NB

Editorial

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:ix-x][No of Hits : 86]


ABSTRACT

It gives us immense pleasure to inform that the first issue of 2016, CODSJOD has been released and it is available at www.codsjod.com, Jaypee Publications. This journal is indexed in Google Scholar at present and stepping towards PUBMED indexing. We extend our heartful thanks to the past editors Dr Narayan Valvalkar, Dr Mamtha GP, Dr Sharhidhara HS and Dr Nandini DB who have contributed to the journal making in the initial stage.


 
Director's Message
V V Subba Reddy

Director’s Message

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:vii][No of Hits : 77]


ABSTRACT

Heartiest congratulations to the editorial board on their recent achievement of making CODS journal of Dentistry (CODS JOD) which is an official publication of college alumni association accessible through Jaypee publications.


 
Case Report
N. B. Nagaveni, Meghna Bajaj, Nitika Lobo, P. Poornima

Treatment regime for crown fractures: Autogenous tooth fragment reattachment – A case series

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:96-99][No of Hits : 449]


ABSTRACT

Maxillary crown fractures are most common form of traumatic dental injuries that mainly affect the maxillary central incisors, in children and teenagers. The improvement in adhesive dentistry has allowed dentists to use the patient’s own fragment to restore the fractured tooth, if the fragment is available. Reattachment is such an ultraconservative and advanced technique which provides safe, fast, and aesthetically pleasing results with immediate restoration of function and phonetics. This article describes few cases in which fragment reattachment was done using different combination of techniques viz. simple reattachment, circumferential bevel and internal dentinal groove.

Keywords: Anterior crown fractures, Adhesive dentistry, Reattachment, Tooth fragment

How to cite this article: Nagaveni N. B, Bajaj M, Lobo N, Poornima P. Treatment regime for crown fractures: Autogenous tooth fragment reattachment - A Case Series. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 96-99.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Mala Ram Manohar, Pratibha Goswami

The Nose and its Clinical Implications in Orthodontics: An Overview

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:71-75][No of Hits : 332]


ABSTRACT

The nose with a central position in the face, plays a major role in facial esthetics and thereof in treatment planning. With a growing number of patients seeking orthodontic treatment for esthetic reasons , it is of prime importance to have a sound understanding of what constitutes ideal soft tissue harmony. The nose with its protrusive structure must be envisioned with its composite supportive framework which is a major determinant of its shape.

Keywords: Esthetics , Nose, Orthodontics , Profile.

How to cite this article: Manohar MR , Goswami P. The Nose and its Clinical Implications in Orthodontics: An Overview. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 71-75.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Prashanth Kumar Katta, Sreedhara S

Gingival tissue management in Restorative Dentistry

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:33-35][No of Hits : 300]


ABSTRACT

The periodontium that surrounds the tooth should be healthy for the optimum functioning of the tooth. The gingiva which is a part of the periodontium must be healthy as well so that that any iatrogenic procedures don’t damage the gingiva. The concept of biologic width must be well understood to properly manage the gingiva during any restorative procedures.

Keywords: Biological width, gingival retraction, hemostasis, techniques

How to cite this article: Katta PK, Sreedhara S. Gingival tissue management in Restorative Dentistry. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 33 - 35.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Case Report
Preetham Pulluri, Sowmya Nagur Karibasappa, Dhoom Singh Mehta

Aerosol and splatter in Dentistry - An Overview

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:28-32][No of Hits : 262]


ABSTRACT

The environment in which we are surrounded is the sum total of living organisms like animals, plants and microorganisms and their actions which undergo constant changes, especially by human activity. It provides conditions for development and growth and also that of danger and damage. Aerosols are such products seen in the urban ecosystems in various forms. The presence of aerosols in earth’s atmosphere can influence earth’s climate, as well as human health. As they are omnipresent they form a universal challenge to all the dentists around the world to control their transmission and inhibit their action. Hence, in this article we have reviewed various properties of aerosols, methods of measurements, mode of transmission and standard precautions to be followed.

Keywords: Aerosol, Aerosol contamination in dentistry, Infection control, Splatter, Ultrasonic scaling.

How to cite this article: Pulluri P, Karibasappa SN, Mehta DS, Aerosol and Splatter in Dentistry - An overview CODS J Dent 2015;7: 28 -32.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Original Article
G. Vinaya Kumar, Ashwini Wadhwani, Neha Hajira

Effect of UV disinfection on dimensional stability and infection control of elastomeric impression materials

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:60-63][No of Hits : 205]


ABSTRACT

In many areas of dental practice which involves exposure to blood and other body fluids, there is growing concern regarding improvements in cross-infection control. There is a need for disinfection methods to be effective while also being cheap, rapid, non-toxic, broad spectrum and easy to practice. Impression materials used in prosthodontics cannot be heat sterilized and are often damaged by chemical disinfection. In recent advances, ultraviolet disinfection method has begun to prove its effectiveness to control contamination of impression materials by killing microbes while preserving the quality of material. This scientific paper to be presented is on a study conducted to evaluate the effect of ultraviolet disinfection on the dimensional stability and infection control of elastomeric impression materials.

Keywords: Disinfection, Dimensional stability, Elastomeric impression materials

How to cite this article: Vinaya Kumar G, Wadhwani A, Hajira N. Effect of UV disinfection on dimensional stability and infection control of elastomeric impression materials. CODS J Dent 2015;7:60-63.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Bhuvana Sachin, Jayesh Jain, M. Kalavathi, Nirmala kumari

Neutral zone concept for unstable mandibular complete denture : A case report

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:45-47][No of Hits : 190]


ABSTRACT

The tooth position and flange contour have great influence on the stability of a denture. We should not be dogmatic and insist that teeth be placed over the crest of the ridge, buccal or lingual to the ridge. Teeth should be placed as dictated by the musculature, and this will vary for different patients. The neutral zone technique is the most effective way of improving the stability of complete denture especially for patients with atrophic ridges or diminished neuromuscular control. The technique involves recording neutral zone using tissue conditioner and fabrication of a denture which is in harmony with the surrounding oral musculature. This article aims to increase the awareness of dental practitioners to use neutral zone concept in case of denture stability difficulties.

Keywords: Atrophic Ridges, Neutral Zone, Unstable Denture.

How to cite this article: Sachin B, Jain J, Kalavathi M., Kumari N, Neutral zone concept for unstable mandibular complete denture: A case report ,CODS J Dent 2015;7: 45 - 47.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Director's Message
V.V. Subba Reddy

Greetings

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:52][No of Hits : 174]


ABSTRACT

We are immensely overjoyed that CODS Journal of Dentistry is presenting its volume of 2016.We express our sincere thanks to all the authors who have shared their enthusiasm in form of various papers thereby educating and inspiring our readers.

How to site this article: Subba Reddy VV. Director’s Message. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 52

Source of support : Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Case Report
Neena.I.E, Ananthraj.A, Praveen.P

Hypoplasia Management in permanent incisor caused by primary incisor intrusion- A case report

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:50-51][No of Hits : 173]


ABSTRACT

Orofacial trauma is a serious orodental and general health problem that may have medical, esthetic and psychological consequences for children and their parents. When the root of the primary tooth is close to the unerupted permanent tooth, primary tooth trauma may result in developmental disturbances and pulpal reaction in that permanent tooth. We report a case in which injury to the primary dentition resulted in developmental disturbances in the underlying permanent tooth. Localized malformation of the crown and enamel hypoplasia was treated with a light-cured composite resin restoration.

Keywords: Composite restoration, Enamel hypoplasia, Esthetic restoration

How to cite this article: Neena IE, Ananthraj A, Praveen P. Hypoplasia management in permanent incisor caused by primary incisor intrusion -A case report. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 50 -51

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Case Report
G. Shivaprakash

Restorative – Orthodontics: A substitution for missing teeth

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:36-38][No of Hits : 170]


ABSTRACT

Most often the missing teeth are conventionally managed with either implants or other fixed or removable prostheses. This article describes another possibility of orthodontically closing these spaces, thereby restoring an ideal occlusion and arch integrity without the need of prosthesis. This article presents case reports where the spaces of missing teeth were closed orthodontically, leaving no room for prosthesis, thereby providing a physiologically balanced occlusion and avoiding the lifelong maintenance of prosthesis.

Keywords: Molar Protraction, space closure

How to cite this article: Restorative - Orthodontics: A substitution for missing teeth. G. Shivaprakash, CODS J Dent 2015;7: 36 - 38.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Disha Patil, Poornima P, Nagaveni NB, Roshan NM

Management of an erupted mesiodens causing severe displacement of maxillary permanent central incisor

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:39-41][No of Hits : 165]


ABSTRACT

Mesiodens is a supernumerary tooth occurring in the anterior maxilla, located between the maxillary central incisors. Extraction of a mesiodens at a time appropriate for promoting self-eruption in the early mixed dentition may result in better alignment of the teeth and may minimize the need for orthodontic treatment. This case report features management of erupted mesiodens which caused the permanent maxillary right central incisor to be displaced labially in a ten year old female who was treated successfully by timely intervention in her mixed dentition.

Keywords: Erupted, Labial displacement, Mesiodens.

How to cite this article: Disha P, Poornima P, Nagaveni NB, Roshan NM. Management of an erupted mesiodens causing severe displacement of maxillary permanent central incisor. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 39 - 41.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Ashwini W, Veena SP, Swati B

An overview of fiber reinforced composites used in fixed partial dentures

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:23-27][No of Hits : 161]


ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to review the use of fiber reinforced composites in fixed partial dentures. Fiber reinforced materials have highly favourable mechanical properties and their strength to weight ratios are superior to those of most alloys. When compared to metals they offer many other advantages as well, including non-corrosiveness, translucency, good bonding properties and ease of repair. They also offer the potential for chairside and laboratory fabrication.

Keywords: Fiber reinforced composites, Fixed Partial Dentures (FRC)

How to cite this article: Ashwini W, Veena SP, Swati B. An overview of fiber reinforced composites used in fixed partial dentures. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 23 - 27

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Prakash Lokhande, Vasundhara Shivanna

Comparative Evaluation of microhardness of type 2 Glass Ionomer Cement (restorative) and Zirconia based GIC - An In-Vitro Study

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:4-7][No of Hits : 160]


ABSTRACT

Aims: To evaluate the microhardness of type II glass-ionomer cement (GIC) (restorative) and zirconia based glass -ionomer cement.

Materials and Methods : Twenty cylindrical samples measuring 5mm (diameter) and 5mm in length were prepared with type II glass-ionomer cement that is restorative (n=10) and zirconia based glass-ionomer-cement (n=10). Finishing and polishing was made with coarse grit to fine grit. Then samples were subjected to Vickers hardness tester by using digital micro hardness tester (Zwick/Roell) under a load of 300 grams for 15 seconds. The data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis and unpaired’t’ test was used to compare the micro hardness between two groups.

Result: Zirconia based glass-ionomer cements showed better micro hardness values as compared to that of type II glass-ionomer cement (restorative).

Conclusion: Better material with increased hardness like zirconia based GIC should be used in today’s clinical practice. Further studies should be carried out to check other physical properties of zirconia based GIC.

Keywords: Glass-ionomer-cement (GIC), Vickers hardness (VHN), Zirconia based GIC.

How to cite this article: Lokhande P, Shivanna V. Comparative evaluation of micro hardness of type 2 Glass Ionomer cement (restorative) and Zirconia based GIC- An in vitro study. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 4 -7

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Neena IE, Shagun Sinha, Poornima P, Pallavi Urs

Hereditary Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa A Rare Case Report

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:84-86][No of Hits : 156]


ABSTRACT

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a diverse group of disorders characterized by blister formation with tissue separation occurring at variable depths in the skin and oral mucosa depending on the specific EB type. Oral tissue fragility and blistering is common to all EB types. However oral debilitation as a result of soft tissue scarring is primarily limited to the recessive dystrophic EB subtypes. Due to extreme mucosal fragility such patients are managed by modified dental care practices. This case report describes a rare case of recessive dystrophic EB.

Keywords: Dystrophic, Epidermolysis bullosa, Recessive

How to cite this article: Neena IE, Sinha S, Poornima P, Pallavi Urs. Hereditary Dystrophic Epidermolysis bullosa- A Rare Case Report. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 84-86

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Praveen B, Prasanna B.G, Sri Harsha, N.Chandana

Techniques for Interim Rrestorations in Fixed Partial Denture Prosthesis – A Review

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:76-83][No of Hits : 144]


ABSTRACT

It is important for the tooth or teeth to be protected and that the patients be kept comfortable while a permanent restoration is being fabricated. By successful management of this phase, the dentist can gain patients confidence and favorably influence the ultimate success of the final restoration. Therefore costly chair side time must not be wasted but the dentist must produce an acceptable restoration. This paper reviews the techniques for custom provisional restorations.

Keywords: Aesthetics; Custom made restoration; External surface form; Interim restoration; Preformed matrix.

How to cite this article: Praveen B, Prasanna B.G, Harsha S, Chandana N. Techniques for Interim Rrestorations in Fixed Partial Denture Prosthesis - A Review. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 76-83.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Original Article
Poornima P., Sathyaki Arora, Neena IE Shashibhushan KK, Nagaveni NB

An Effectiveness of Oral Health Promotion Program on 12 Year old School Going Children of South Indian Children

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:55-59][No of Hits : 142]


ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Dental care is the most common unmet health care need of children in India. The study was undertaken to test lecture method for providing oral health education to 12 year old school going children.

Methods: A sample size of 200 was selected randomly from 6 different schools of Davangere district. Students who were of chronological age of 12 year from the selected schools were included in the study. Before giving lecture aid, the study group IS assessed about their self-implemented oral hygiene practices through questionnaire. The study groups were assessed immediately and 6 months after given lecture aid through a questionnaire which was designed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of 12 year old school children regarding their oral health. The data thus collected was tabulated, assessed and statistically analyzed using student paired T-test and McNemar test.

Results: There was statistically significant (P<0.001) improvement in the knowledge and behavior regarding oral health amongst study group with the overall improvement in correct answers. There was a significant reduction (P<0.001) in the memory among the study group after 6 months of oral hygiene instruction.

Interpretation and Conclusion: The lecture method was effective in improving oral hygiene attitudes and skills. After 6 months, there was a significant reduction in memory gained after interventional program which dictates the need for regular reinforcement of educational and motivational programs.

Keywords: Children, Dental Caries, Oral Health, Plaque

How to cite this article: Poornima P. , Arora S, Neena IE, Shashibhushan KK, Nagaveni NB. An Effectiveness of Oral Health Promotion Program on 12 Year old School Going Children of South Indian Children. CODS J Dent 2015;7:55-59.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
President's Message
Vasundhara Shivanna

Greetings

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:53][No of Hits : 140]


ABSTRACT

I am extremely honoured to present yet another issue of the CODS to its readers.
Knowledge just like light is spread by sharing. We are grateful to our students and all the authors who have contributed to this issue and we wholeheartedly encourage all readers to contribute or add any suggestions for betterment and growth of this journal.

How to site this article: Vasundhara S. President’s Message. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 53

Source of support : Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Review Article
Ripin Garewal, Jessica Garewal, Manpreet Kaur Sandhu, Gurjit Singh

Anticarious efficiency and effectiveness of Terminalia Chebula and Chlorhexidine as an oral rinse in children - An In-Vivo Study

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:8-12][No of Hits : 134]


ABSTRACT

Background: Chlorhexidine mouth wash has been used for decades, however, it remains contraindicated in children and teenagers. On the other hand, the anti-microbial properties of plant derived compounds are well documented.

Aim: To compare, in vivo the efficacy and effectiveness of aqueous fruit extract of Terminalia chebula and Chlorhexidine oral rinse as an anti caries agent in children.

Materials and Methods: 30 children in the age groups of 13 - 19 years were randomly selected for the study. The efficacy of the two agents (Terminalia Chebula and Chlorhexidine) as anti caries agents was assessed by evaluating the salivary pH and the salivary buffering capacity. The values obtained were subjected to statistical analysis.

Results: A percentage improvement in buffering capacity was noted with Terminalia chebula when compared to Chlorhexidine mouthwash which indicated potential long term effects. The pH of both Terminalia chebula and Chlorhexidine did not show any significant difference.

Conclusion: Terminalia chebula can suitably be used as an anti-carious oral rinse and does not have any side effects such as erosion and staining.

Keywords: Chlorhexidine, Dental caries, Medicinal plants, Terminalia chebula

How to cite this article: Garewal P, Garewal J, Sandhu MK, Singh G. Anticarious efficiency and effectiveness of Terminalia Chebula and Chlorhexidine as an oral rinse in children - An In-Vivo Study. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 8- 12

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Ravikumar Shukla, Neel Vijay Hiremath, Poonam Lalwani, Suma R

Periapical healing by non-surgical intervention : A case report

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:42-44][No of Hits : 130]


ABSTRACT

The rationale behind endodontics is to thoroughly disinfect the root canal system, and to provide hermetic seal which in turn ceases the progress of the periapical infection. Most of these periapical infections attributed directly or indirectly to oral microbes. Surgical interventions in larger periapical infection are sometimes accompanied by certain complications. Hence, non-surgical approach can be considered. This article presents non-surgical healing of a periapical lesion of endodontic origin associated with maxillary left central and lateral incisors, observed over a period of 6 months, using calcium hydroxide as an intracanal medicament.

Keywords: Calcium hydroxide, Non-surgical, Periapical healing, Root canal treatment.

How to cite this article: Shukla R, Hiremath NV, Lalwani P, Suma R. Periapical healing by non-surgical intervention: A case report. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 42 - 44.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Case Report
Deepa D , Gouri Bhatia, Priyanka Srivastava

Gingival Stillman's Cleft- Revisited

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:93-95][No of Hits : 124]


ABSTRACT

Stillman’s clefts are apostrophe shaped indentations extending from and into the gingival margin for varying distances. The etiology of this cleft is still not clear. They may repair spontaneously or persist as surface lesions of deep periodontal pockets that penetrate into the supporting tissues. Here we report a case of stillman’s cleft in the mandibular left lateral incisor region treated with de-epithelialisation.

Keywords: Stillman’s cleft, inflammatory, occlusal trauma, developmental, gingival clefts, simple clefts.

How to cite this article: Deepa D , Bhatia G, Srivastava P. Gingival Stillman’s Cleft- Revisited. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 93-95.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Vasundhara Shivanna, Rucha Nilegaonkar

Photodynamics in Dentistry - A Review

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:13-18][No of Hits : 121]


ABSTRACT

To overcome limitations of antibiotics like microbial resistance, systemic side effects and limitation of spectrum of microorganisms affected, an effective and alternative therapy needs to replace the conventional treatment. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) consists of a photoactive dye (photosensitizer) that is activated by specific wavelength light in the presence of oxygen. PDT has shown potential in the treatment of oral leukoplakia, oral lichen planus, and head and neck cancer, treatment of bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and viral infections. The absence of mutagenic effects of PDT is an important factor for safety during treatment.

Keywords: Oral biofilms, Photosensitizers, Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy, Photodynamic therapy

How to cite this article: Shivanna V, Nilegaonkar R. Photodynamics in Dentistry - A Review. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 13 - 18

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Editors Desk
Vandana K.L, Nagaveni N.B

Warm greetings

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:54][No of Hits : 117]


ABSTRACT

The only thing limitless in today’s world is knowledge. Learning has no end and it is a habit that must be inculcated and encouraged. We as dental professionals should regularly update ourselves, promoting awareness of the many avenues in our field. This is very important as it is extremely beneficial to our patients. We encourage sharing of this knowledge and welcome articles in all arenas of dentistry by our readers. We are extremely greatful by the enthusiasm depicted by our readers as it just helps to consolidate our aspirations towards the growth of this journal.

How to site this article: Vandana K.L. Nagaveni NB. Editors’ Desk. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 03

Source of support : Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Case Report
Pramod R C, Suresh K V, Sunil L A, Mohan Kumar K P

Tuberculosis of Oral Mucosa Mimicking Malignancy: A Case Report

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:87-89][No of Hits : 107]


ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) is an epidemic infectious disease that seldom takes an oral form. Because of the still increased incidence of TB in our country, in the differential diagnosis of chronic oral ulcerations, tuberculosis should always be considered. Oral TB is frequently overlooked as a possible cause of oral ulceration. Therefore dentists should be aware of the possible occurrence of TB of the oral cavity.

Keywords: Langhans giant cell, mycobacterium tuberculosis, oral tuberculosis

How to cite this article: Pramod R C, Suresh K V, Sunil L A, Mohan Kumar K P. Tuberculosis of Oral Mucosa Mimicking Malignancy: A Case Report. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 87-89

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Mala Ram Manohar, Juhi Talesra

Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An overview

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:19-22][No of Hits : 96]


ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea, is a common disorder that is characterized by repetitive partial or complete cessation of air flow, associated with oxy-hemoglobin desaturation and increased effort to breath.Treatment of obstructive sleep apnea can be divided into four general categories. These include: lifestyle modification, upper airway surgery, oral appliances, and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Although the CPAP provides the most reliable therapeutic modality, it is the most cumbersomeone. Many patients, particularly young non-apneic snorers, find it unappealing, difficult to tolerate, and unacceptable.The only other non-invasive alternative, which can producefavourable results within a short time, is oral appliances.

Keywords: Apnea, Appliances, Oral, Sleep

How to cite this article: Manohar MR, Talesra J. Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An overview. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 19 - 22

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Arun Kumar K.V, Deepa D

Concrescence of impacted mandibular third molar with a fourth molar

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:48-49][No of Hits : 93]


ABSTRACT

Concrescence is a developmental anomaly of tooth in which fusion between two completely formed roots takes place at the cementum. It may involve either deciduous or permanent teeth. Concrescence is mostly observed in maxillary than in mandibular teeth. A rare case of impacted mandibular third molar fused with a supernumerary molar has been reported here.

Keywords: Concrescence, Developmental anomaly, Impacted, Mandibular third molar, Supernumerary tooth.

How to cite this article: Arun Kumar KV, Deepa D. Concrescence of impacted mandibular third molar with a fourth molar - A Rare Case Report. CODS J Dent 2015; 7: 48 - 49.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Director's Message
V.V. Subba Reddy

Greetings

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:1][No of Hits : 79]


ABSTRACT

We are pleased that CODS Journal of Dentistry is presenting its 7th volume of 2015. The journal has been proving to be an excellent platform for sharing and acquiring knowledge. We are also excited that it has been attracting papers from a variety of advanced and emerging topics of interest in our eld. I am delighted to extend my sincere appreciation to all the contributors and the esteemed editors who, through each issue of the journal, are building a greener legacy in evidence based clinical practice.

How to site this article: Subba Reddy VV. Director’s Message. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 01

Source of support : Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Case Report
Bharath .KP, Priya, Poornima .P, Neena I.E

Non Syndromic Generalised Taurodontism in Primary and Permanent teeth -A Case Report

[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:48] [Pages No:90-92][No of Hits : 74]


ABSTRACT

Taurodontism is a rare dental anomaly defined as a change in shape of the tooth caused by the failure of Hertwig’s epithelial sheath to invaginate at the proper horizontal level. The characteristic features of this anomaly are an enlarged pulp chamber with apical displacement of the pulpal floor, and no constriction at the level of the Cemento-enamel junction. They occur most frequently as an isolated anomaly or it may be associated with certain syndromes. Permanent dentition is more commonly affected than deciduous dentition, seen unilaterally or bilaterally, and in any combination of teeth or quadrants. This case report describes a case of generalised taurodontism involving all the deciduous molars and permanent molars in a 7 years old male patient.

Keywords: Bilateral, Deciduous teeth, Pulp chamber Taurodontism

How to cite this article: Bharath KP, Priya, Poornima P, Neena I.E. Non Syndromic Generalised Taurodontism in Primary and Permanent teeth -A Case Report. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 90-92

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
President's Message
Vasundhara Shivanna

Greetings

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:2][No of Hits : 59]


ABSTRACT

Since the beginning of this year, as a part of the silver jubilee celebrations, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, has been organizing various beneficial programs within and outside the campus. It is my great pleasure to present yet another issue of the oficial publication of the Alumni association, the CODS Journal of Dentistry, volume 7 to its readers. I heartily congratulate and welcome the new editor-in-chief for taking charge and heading the editorial board of CODS Journal.

How to site this article: Vasundhara S. President’s Message. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 02

Source of support : Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Editors Desk
Vandana K.L, Nagaveni N.B

Warm greetings

[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:51] [Pages No:3][No of Hits : 29]


ABSTRACT

Learning is a continuous phenomenon with limitless boundaries. This is especially true in the field of Dental sciences, with concepts and technologies of yester years being replaced by entirely new ones today. Hence, it is important for us to regularly update ourselves with this knowledge, for the bene t of both professionals and patients.

How to site this article: Vandana K.L. , Nagaveni N.B, Editors Desk. CODS J Dent 2015;7: 03

Source of support : Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Review Article
Kanav J, Ashwini J , Shivamurthy G.B

Interpretation of pulp sensibility tests - A review

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:108-111][No of Hits : 257]


ABSTRACT

Diagnosis can be defined as the art of distinguishing one disease from another. One of the most essential part of the diagnostic procedure for pulp disease is the use of pulp sensibility tests. When diagnosing pulp pain, these tests can be used to reproduce the symptoms reported by the patient to diagnose the diseased tooth as well as the disease state. There are several pulp sensibility tests available such as thermal tests (heat and cold stimuli), electric pulp tests (EPT), and a test cavity. But which test should be used in which condition still remains a confusion for the dentist.

Keywords: Sensibility tests, heat, cold, electric pulp test

How to cite this article: Kanav J, Ashwini J, Shivamurthy GB. Interpretation of pulp sensibility tests - A review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;108-111

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Ashwini Ramakrishna, Nandini DB, Madhushankari GS, Rajeshwari Annigeri

Candidiasis - A frequently underdiagnosed entity

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:117-121][No of Hits : 229]


ABSTRACT

Candidiasis is the most common fungal infection of the oral cavity. It often presents as a white lesion mimicking other oral lesions. It frequently goes undiagnosed in the presence of positive tobacco habit history. The present article reports a case of chronic candidiasis with review of literature.

Keywords: Candidiasis, candida albicans, oral fungal infection, white lesion, angular cheilitis

How to cite this article: Ashwini R, Nandini DB, Madhushankari GS, Rajeshwari A. Candidiasis - A frequently underdiagnosed entity.CODS J Dent 2014 6;117-121

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Pramod V T, Shobhaprakash, Sadiya S

Hopeless to hopeful: Management of an endo-perio lesion with an interdisciplinary approach

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:112-116][No of Hits : 205]


ABSTRACT

Endodontic-periodontal lesions pose challenge to the clinician as far as diagnosis and prognosis of the involved teeth are concerned. The pathways for the spread of bacteria between pulpal and periodontal tissues are controversial. Treatment and prognosis of endodontic-periodontal diseases vary and depend on the cause and the correct diagnosis of specific condition .This case report describes a successful treatment of a 44 year old male patient who reported with a chief compliant of pain in the right upper and lower tooth back region of the jaw since 20 days. Clinical examination revealed deep pockets and furcation involvement between maxillary right first and second molars. Radiographic examination showed bone loss and furcation involvement. Non-vital root resection with maxillary first molar was planned. Prior to root resection, root canal treatment was performed and then rehabilitated with full metal crown.

Keywords: Endodontic-periodontal lesions, furcation involvement, root resection,

How to cite this article: Pramod VT, Shobhaprakash, Sadiya S. Hopeless to hopeful: Management of an endo-perio lesion with an interdisciplinary approach - A case report: CODS J Dent 2014;6;112-116

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Case Report
Amrin, Jayesh Kumar Jain

Immediate partial denture for restoring esthetics and function of mandibular anterior teeth

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:124-126][No of Hits : 204]


ABSTRACT

Being endentulous, particularly in the anterior region is highly traumatic for patients both esthetically and psychologically. This article presents a case of immediate esthetic and functional rehabilitation of a female patient after extraction of mandibular anterior teeth by fabricatin of immediate partial denture which was inserted immediately following extraction of teeth. Due to their inherent advantages, immediate dentures have become indispensible part of prosthetic rehabilitation of patients.

Keywords: Immediate denture, Esthetic zone

How to cite this article: Amrin, Jayesh KJ. Immediate partial denture for restoring esthetics and function of mandibular anterior teeth. CODS J Dent 2014;6;124-126

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Sophia T, Deepak BS, Deepa J, Mallikarjun GK

The concept of monobloc in Endodontic - A review

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:83-89][No of Hits : 199]


ABSTRACT

The creation of a homogenous filling within the root canal has always been one of the most sought after objectives in the field of Endodontics. While conventional root canal filling materials have given predictable results, the pursuit of developing alternative sealers or techniques that bond simultaneously to canal wall dentin as well as filling materials has continued. Breakthroughs in dentin adhesive technology in the recent past have built a new generation of bondable root canal sealers and post systems. Thus arose the concept of monoblocs, with its purported advantages of simultaneously improving the seal and fracture resistance of the filled canals. The added advantages of reduced application steps and overall improvements in their user friendliness led to the aggressive marketing of materials claiming to achieve the ‘monobloc effect’. On the other hand the credibility of this concept in practice has launched controversial discussions. This review attempts to throw light on the various dimensions of the concept of monoblocs as well as to scrutinize the potential of various root canal filling materials to create monoblocs.

Key Words: Monobloc, bonding, seal-ability, root reinforcement, modulus of elasticity, methacrylate based root canal sealers, fibre posts

How to cite this article: Sophia T, Deepak BS, Deepa J, Mallikarjun GK. The concept of monobloc in Endodontics - A review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;83-89

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Vandana K V, Vandana K L

Acute phase reactants - A review

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:96-101][No of Hits : 156]


ABSTRACT

The acute phase refers to physiological and metabolic alterations that ensue immediately after onset of infection or tissue injury. A variety of changes in the organism act in concern to neutralize the inflammatory agent and faster healing of damaged tissues. In contrast with the specificity of cellular and humoral immunity, the acute phase changes are nonspecific and occur in response to many conditions.

Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory process that occurs in response to a predominantly Gram-negative bacterial infection originating from dental plaque. Increased levels of acute-phase proteins have been noted with gingival inflammation, including during experimental gingivitis and periodontitis, reflecting the locally stressed environment. Here, an attempt is made to discuss the importance of acute phase reactants.

Keywords: Acute phase reactants, periodontal disease.

How to cite this article: Vandana KV, Vandana KL. Acute phase reactants - A review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;96-101

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Priya NK, Sowmya NK, Ashiwini Ramakrishna, Madhushankari GS

Lasers in dentistry - Thinking ahead…

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:102-107][No of Hits : 152]


ABSTRACT

Laser technology was introduced in the field of dentistry with a novel idea of overcoming few problems or drawbacks posed by the conventional methods. Theodore Maiman in 1960 introduced the first solid state ruby laser. Since then lasers have gained its popularity in different fields of dentistry. Laser in dentistry is now in vogue and now becoming a part of the dentist’s armamentarium. This article gives an insight to the basics of laser physics, types of laser, mechanism of action, their interactions with biologic tissues and their advantage and disadvantage.

Keywords: Laser, dentistry, tissue interaction, precautions, effects.

How to cite this article: Priya NK, Sowmya NK, Ashwini R, Madhushankari GS, Lasers in Dentistry - Thinking ahead… CODS J Dent 2014;6;102-107

Source of support: Nil. Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Original Article
Vasundhara Shivanna, Rucha Nilegaonkar

Effect of alcohol containing and alcohol free mouth rinses on microhardness of three esthetic restorative materials

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:5-8][No of Hits : 146]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Daily application of mouth rinses has been recommended for the prevention and control of caries and periodontal disease.

Aims & Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of alcohol-containing and alcohol-free mouth rinses on the microhardness of three restorative materials – resin composite (Filtek Z350XT), light cure glass ionomer cement (Vitremer) and conventional restorative glass ionomer cement (GC Fuji II).

Methods: Twenty samples of each restorative material were fabricated and their microhardness values were checked at 100g load and 15 seconds dwell time. Ten samples of each restorative material were stored in alcohol containing mouth rinse (Listerine) and ten samples each were stored in alcohol free mouth rinse (Hiora) for 12 hours. At the end of the test period microhardness was measured with a Vickers microhardness tester.

Results: Alcohol containing mouth rinses reduced the microhardness values of composite and light cure glass ionomer significantly more than alcohol free mouth rinses. Reduction in the microhardness value of conventional restorative glass ionomer cement was similar for both alcohol containing and alcohol free mouth rinses.

Conclusion: Both mouth rinses showed reduction in microhardness values of all three restorative materials, with more reduction caused due to alcohol containing mouth rinses in composite and light cure glass ionomer.

Keywords: Resin composite, light cure glass ionomer, glass ionomer restorative cement, mouth rinse, microhardness.

How to cite this article: Vasundhara S, Rucha N. Effect of alcohol containing and alcohol free mouth rinses on microhardness of three esthetic restorative materials. CODS J Dent 2014;6;5-8

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Poornima P, Meghna Bajaj, Nagaveni N.B, Roopa K.B, V.V. Subba Reddy

Dental home - A new approach for child oral health care

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:30-34][No of Hits : 129]


ABSTRACT

To prevent caries in children, high risk individuals must be identified at an early age and aggressive strategies should be adopted, including anticipatory guidance, behavior modifications and establishment of dental home by one year of age for children deemed at risk. The dental home is locus for preventive oral health supervision and emergency care. It can be repository for records and focus for making specialty referrals. Establishment of the home early in the child’s life can expose a child to prevention and early interventions before problem occur, reduce anxiety and facilitate referral.

Keywords: Dental home, medical home, anticipatory guidance, AAPD, first dental visit.

How to cite this article: Poornima P, Meghna B, Nagaveni NB, Roopa KB, Subba Reddy VV. Dental home - A new approach for child oral health care. CODS J Dent 2014;6;30-34

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Original Article
Gazal Jain, Deepa D, Sandeep Chaudhary

Assessment of periodontal health status in psychiatric patients in and around Meerut city

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:72-77][No of Hits : 121]


ABSTRACT

Background: Mental illness affects people of all nations and at all economic levels. Psychiatric disorders affect the general behavior of a person, impair level of functioning, and alter perception. Psychiatric patients are one of the special groups requiring attention as they are often neglected because of ignorance, fear, stigma, misconception and negative attitudes. For psychiatric patients, periodontal health is a major determinant of general health and may have a low priority in the context of mental illness.

Objective: To assess periodontal health status in psychiatric patients in and around Meerut city.

Material and Methods: The study sample comprised of 100 psychiatric patients of Meerut city. Various socio-demographic variables like age, gender, parent’s education, income were investigated. Dental examinations were done by measuring the following parameters of oral health: Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S), plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI, bleeding on probing (BOP), pocket probing depth (PPD). The collected data was subjected to statistical analyses.

Results and Conclusion: The results of the study suggested poor oral hygiene due to neglected personal hygiene, compromised periodontal status and lack of motivation to get the dental treatment.

Keywords: Periodontal disease, psychiatric disease, oral hygiene, probing depth

How to cite this article: Gazal J, Deepa D, Sandeep C. Assessment of periodontal health status in psychiatric patients in and around Meerut city. CODS J Dent 2014;6;72-77

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Nandeeshwar DB, Neha Arora

Zygomatic bone implants in prosthetic rehabilitation - A review

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:90-95][No of Hits : 110]


ABSTRACT

Dental implants are the new era in the field of dentistry providing the new opportunities to the clinicians to manage their patients with missing teeth. The procedure is more technique sensitive in maxilla than mandible. The scenario becomes even more challenging with severely resorbed maxillary arches. The idea of zygomatic bone implants put forward the new approach to manage such patients. The purpose of the present article is to describe the concept of zygomatic implantology with emphasis on case selection and clinical outcomes based on the literature.

Keywords: Zygomatic fixture, Bone graft, Immediate/ Early loading

How to cite this article: Nandeeshwar DB, Neha A. Zygomatic bone implants in prosthetic rehabilitation - A review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;90-95

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Mala Ram Manohar, Gajendra Bhansali

Paperless dentistry - The future

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:13-15][No of Hits : 108]


ABSTRACT

One of the most common problems faced in dental practice management is maintaining and retrieving patient records, which is very tedious and cumbersome especially in a busy practice. This is where paperless operation comes to the rescue. It is simply a practice where all the information, diagnostic, management, and communication tools are fully integrated into one computerized system.This increases efficiency, reduces clutter, saves time, improves communication and requires less office space which is cost-effective.
As health care professionals, we should be on the cutting edge technology and provide an excellent patient experience; this is what paperless practice is!

Keywords: Paperless, practice, records, computer.

How to cite this article: Mala R, Gajendra B. Paperless dentistry - The future. CODS J Dent 2014;6;13-15

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Deepak B.S, Mallikarjun Goud K, Nishanth P

Photo activated disinfection in restorative dentistry - A technical review

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:16-18][No of Hits : 103]


ABSTRACT

The purpose of this review is to summarize the recent developments regarding photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the field of restorative dentistry. A search of pertinent literature was carried out in PubMed to determine the current applications of photo activated disinfection (PAD) in dentistry. This overview will provide the practitioners, the current status and use of PAD. Within the limitations of the present review, it can be concluded that although PAD cannot replace antimicrobial therapy at its current stage, it may be used as an adjunctive tool in restorative dentistry. Further long-term clinical studies are necessary in establishing a more specific place of the technique in the field of dentistry.

Keywords: Photodynamic therapy, photosensitizing agent, photo activated disinfection, lactobacilli, streptococcus mutans.

How to cite this article: Deepak BS, Mallikarjun GK, Nishanth P. Photo activated disinfection in Restorative Dentistry: A technical review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;16-18.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Original Article
Selvamani. M , Praveen S Basandi, Madhushankari G.S

Prevalence and distribution of dental anomalies and fluorosis in a small cohort of Indian school children and teenager

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:9-12][No of Hits : 103]


ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of developmental dental anomalies and fluorosis in small cohort of Indian school children & teenagers.

Method: A total of 473 school children and teenagers (250 female & 223 male) of 6 - 17 years were examined clinically for developmental anomalies of teeth such as peg lateral, supernumerary teeth (mesiodens), and talon’s cusp. Children were also examined for dental fluorosis.

Result: On examination 1.47% of the sample population, had at least one developmental dental anomaly. Prevalence of Peg lateral, Mesiodens, and Talon’s cusp was 0.63%, 0.63% and 0.21% respectively while 87.9% showed fluorosis induced enamel hypoplasia.

Conclusions: the most common dental anomalies was Peg lateral and Mesiodens. The present study also emphasizes the need for de-fluoridation of water in the region, because of high incidence of enamel hypoplasia induced by fluorosis in the study group. Other developmental dental anomalies also differed in prevalence from previous reports, pointing to a possible ethnic variation.

Keywords: Dental anomalies, peg lateral, mesiodens, talon’s cusp, enamel hypoplasia, fluorosis.

How to cite this article: Selvamani M, Praveen SB, Madhushankari GS. Prevalence and distribution of dental anomalies and fluorosis in a small cohort of Indian school children and teenagers CODS J Dent 2014;6;9-12

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Divya K.T, Satish .G

Integrated approach of ceramic and composite veneers in tetracycline stained teeth : A case report

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:45-48][No of Hits : 99]


ABSTRACT

Tooth discoloration is one of the most frequent reasons that one seeks dental care. The common causes of tooth discoloration are fluorosis, enamel hypoplasia, tetracycline staining etc. Based on the severity of discoloration, treatment may vary from more conservative treatment like bleaching to more extensive treatments involving full crowns and veneers. The purpose of this article was to report the advanced treatment options and their integrated use for generalized intrinsic discoloration caused by Tetracycline encompassing bleaching to lighten the discoloration followed by Direct and Indirect veneer restorations using Composite resin and Ceramic respectively.

Keywords:Composite resin, fluorosis, intrinsic discoloration, tetracycline staining.

How to cite this article: Divya KT, Satish G. Integrated approach of ceramic and composite veneers in tetracycline stained teeth : A case report. CODS J Dent 2014;6;45-48

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Usha V. A, Mamatha G. P, Maria Priscilla David,

Eagle’s syndrome with type III segmented styloid process : A case report.

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:61-63][No of Hits : 88]


ABSTRACT

Eagle’s syndrome is not an uncommon condition, but it is less known to Physicians where an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament compresses the adjacent anatomical structures leading to orofacial pain. Pain often gets relieved by surgical reduction of styloid process. Recently depending on the calcification it has been classified as three types. A case of Eagle’s syndrome is reported here.

Keywords: Eagle’s syndrome, styloid process, stylohyoid ligament, stylalgia.

How to cite this article: Usha VA, Mamatha GP, Maria PD. Eagle’s syndrome with type III segmented styloid process. A case report.CODS J Dent 2014;6;61-63

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Guruprasad .L, Kavita Rao, Uma Devi H.S, Priya N.S

Fibrous dysplasia of right maxilla: A case report and review of literature

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:49-55][No of Hits : 86]


ABSTRACT

Fibrous dysplasia is one of the most perplexing diseases of the fibro-osseous tissue. It is considered as a hamartomatous lesion of the bone and comprises 70% of the fibro osseous lesions. It is a disease of bone maturation and remodeling in which the normal medulla and cortices are replaced by disorganized fibrous woven bone. It is important to distinguish this lesion from other fibro osseous lesions mainly ossifying fibroma.
Pathologists usually confront difficulties in evaluating these fibro osseous lesions sharing similarities and differences with regard to clinical presentation, radiographic observation and microscopic picture. Accurate diagnosis of these lesions is of utmost importance to achieve optimal therapeutic goals.
A case of Fibrous dysplasia of maxilla with clinical, radiographic and routine histopathologic examination, along with special stains and blood chemistry is discussed here.

Keywords: Fibrous dysplasia, fibro osseous lesions, ossifying fibroma.

How to cite this article: Guruprasad L, Kavita R, UmaDevi HS, Priya NS. Fibrous dysplasia of right maxilla: A case report and review of literature. CODS J Dent 2014;6;49-55

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Mamatha G.P, Manisha Jadhav , Rajeshwari G Annigeri, Poornima .P, V.V Subba Reddy

Ellis-van Creveld syndrome affecting siblings: A case report and review

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:40-44][No of Hits : 80]


ABSTRACT

Ellis-van Creveld syndrome (EVC) is a genetic disorder that was first described by Richard Ellis and Simon van Creveld in 1940. EVC is a rare autosomal recessive disease resulting from a genetic defect located in chromosome 4p16. The name chondroectodermal is used as it affects both the skeleton (chondro) and the skin (ectoderm).The four principal characteristics are chondrodysplasia, polydactyly, ectodermal dysplasia and congenital heart defects. The patients have small stature, short limbs, fine sparse hair and hypoplastic nails. The orofacial manifestations include multiple gingivolabial musculofibrous frenule, dental anomalies like hypodontia associated with malocclusion. This entity can be diagnosed at any age, even during pregnancy. The differentiation should be made between Asphyxiating Thoracic Dysplasia (Jeune syndrome) and other orofaciodigital syndromes. A multidisciplinary approach is required to manage this condition. We are reporting a rare clinical entity of chondroectodermal dysplasia with classical signs affecting siblings who reported to the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology with review of its literature.

Keywords: Ellis-van Creveld syndrome, orofacial anomalies, chondrodysplasia, polydactyly, asphyxiating thoracic dysplasia.

How to cite this article: Mamatha GP, Manisha J, Rajeshwari GA, Poornima P, Subba Reddy VV. Ellis-van Creveld syndrome affecting siblings – A case report and review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;40-44

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Poorya Naik .D.S, Chetan .S, Gopal Krishna.B.R, Naveen Shamnur

An overview of occupational hazards in dental practice and preventive measures.

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:19-25][No of Hits : 75]


ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to review the occupational hazards related to the practice of Dentistry. The classification of hazards is based on major sources of risk by system or tissue and by dental office area (dental chair, laboratory, sterilization area, x-ray developing area). Potentially hazardous factors relate to the general practice setting; to specific materials and tools that expose the operator to vision and hearing risks; to chemical substances with known allergenic, toxic, or irritating actions; to increased microbial counts and silica particles of the aerosols produced during tooth preparation, removal of restorations; to ergonomic considerations that might have an impact on the provider’s musculoskeletal system; and to psychological stress with proven undesirable sequalae. The identification and elimination of these risk factors should be incorporated into a standard practice management program as an integral part of dental education. Professional organizations can also assist in informing practitioners of potential hazards and methods to deal with them.

Keywords: Occupational hazards, infection, musculoskeletal, eye lesion, allergens, prevention.

How to cite this article: Poorya Naik DS, Chetan S, Gopal Krishna BR, Naveen S. An overview of occupational hazards in dental practice and preventive measures. CODS J Dent 2014;6;19-25

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Review Article
Deepa D

Influences of estrogen and progesterone on periodontium - A review

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:26-29][No of Hits : 64]


ABSTRACT

Hormones exert significant influence in body physiology throughout life. Women in particular, experience hormonal variation under either physiological and non-physiological conditions, such as menstrual cycle or the use of oral contraceptives. Endocrine disturbances and hormone fluctuations affect periodontal tissues directly; they modify the tissue response to local factors and produce anatomic changes in the gingiva that may favor plaque accumulation and disease progression. Here is a brief review which focuses on hormonal influences reflected in the periodontium as they affect the physiology of host-parasite interactions in oral cavity.

Keywords: Steroid hormones, estrogen, progesterone, periodontium, pregnancy gingivitis, menopausal gingivostomatitis.

How to cite this article: Deepa D. Influences of estrogen and progesterone on periodontium - A review. CODS J Dent 2014;6;26-29

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Case Report
Pramod K Jali, Nandini D.B, Mohan K.P, Madhushankari G.S

A case report of recurrent herpetic gingivostomatitis with special reference to the role of cytology in diagnosis

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:63] [Pages No:56-60][No of Hits : 60]


ABSTRACT

Most of the oral ulcers are similar in clinical appearance and the recurrent ulcers may not be diagnosed solely on their clinical appearance and require systematic approach for diagnosis by the clinicians to reduce the aliment of the patient and start early treatment. Biopsy, serological tests and culture seem to be either invasive or time consuming procedures from the view point of a dental outpatient. However, cytological smear at this stage is non-invasive, less time consuming and easily acceptable by the patient. A case of herpetic ginigivostomatitis, with diagnosis based on cytology in correlation with clinical presentation and history is discussed.

Keywords: Herpetic gingivostomatitis, cold sores, herpetic ulcers, herpes simplex virus, oral ulcers, cytology, Tzanck test.

How to cite this article: Pramod KJ, Nandini DB, Mohan Kumar KP, Madhushankari GS. A case report of recurrent herpetic gingivostomatitis with special reference to the role of cytology in diagnosis CODS J Dent 2014;6;56-60

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
Original Article
Pramod R C, Nupura Vibuthe, Suresh K V, Vidya kadashetti, Sharan J Shetty, Neha Shetty

Role of maxillary and mandibular canine indices in sex determination: Perspective of a forensic odontologist

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:68-71][No of Hits : 59]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental evidence is valuable in identification of individuals, especially following mass disasters. Canines are found to exhibit the greatest sexual dimorphism amongst all teeth.

Objective: To investigate the accuracy with which gender can be differentiated by using the maxillary and mandibular canine indices in an Indian population.

Material and Methods: The present study was performed on 200 subjects (100 males, 100females) between the age group of 18-25 years, randomly sampled with informed consent (Through 3rd party).

Results: Males showed greater mean mesiodistal dimensions for each tooth in comparison to females in both maxillary and mandibular arches. When the level of accuracy for sex determination was measured using maxillary canine index it was found that 55% females and 60% males were classified correctly. The level of accuracy for sex determination using mandibular canine index found 67% females and 78% males were classified correctly.

Conclusion: canine indices are a quick and reliable method for sexual identification when a standard for the population is available. With these calculations, we could predict the sex correctly at 72.5% and 57.5 % in this study for mandibular and maxillary canine indices respectively. This method can be used as adjunct to other available tools for sex

Key words: Canine Width, Intercanine Distance. Forensic odontology.

How to cite this article: Pramod RC, Nupura V, Suresh KV, Vidya K, Sharan JS, Neha S. Role of maxillary and mandibular canine indices in sex determination: Perspective of a forensic odontologist. CODS J Dent 2014;6;68-71

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared


 
Original Article
Ramya VV, Nandini DB, Praveen SB, Madhushankari GS

Thickness of the epithelium and the inflammatory cell infiltrate in oral lichen planus. A morphometric study

[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volumn:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:58] [Pages No:78-82][No of Hits : 32]


ABSTRACT

Background: Oral lichen planus is a chronic mucocutaneous disease of uncertain etiology. Inflammatory cell infiltrate plays an important role in pathogenesis of oral lichen planus. It is said that hyperplastic epithelium is seen where the inflammatory cell infiltrate is mild while beneath atrophic epithelium dense inflammatory cell infiltrate is evident. Studies have shown negative correlation between thickness of the epithelium and thickness of inflammatory cell infiltrate. Morphometric studies in oral lichen planus are very scanty and have been performed using stage micrometer and eye piece graticule. Using Image Analysis Software can avoid inter-observer variations which has not been done till date.

Aim and Objectives: The present study aimed at evaluating thickness of epithelium and thickness of inflammatory cell infiltrate and to determine any existing relation between the same using Image Analysis Software. Other histopathologic features were also evaluated.

Materials and method: 58 confirmed cases of oral lichen planus from buccal mucosa were retrieved from department archives. 6ì thick sections were stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin. Six non-overlapping fields were selected randomly from each section and photomicrographs were captured under 4x objective using Trinocular Research Microscope. Morphometry was done using Image Analysis Software and data was stored in Microsoft excel for statistical analysis.

Results: In present study the mean of epithelium thickness was 281.2059 and inflammatory cell infiltrate thickness was 330.2540. An inverse correlation was observed. As the thickness of inflammatory cell infiltrate increased there was a decrease in thickness of epithelium (Coefficient -0.156).

Conclusion: Thickness of the epithelium may vary according to the site, however in this study all cases were from buccal mucosa. Inflammatory cell infiltrate influences overlying thickness of epithelium and determines its nature.

Key words: Oral lichen planus, epithelium thickness, inflammatory cell infiltrate, melanin incontinence, civatte bodies.

How to cite this article: Ramya VV, Nandini DB, Praveen SB, Madhushankari GS. Thickness of the epithelium and the inflammatory cell infiltrate in oral lichen planus. A morphometric study. CODS J Dent 2014;6;78-82

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.


 
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